The Eighth MinisterialConference of
The Forum on China-Africa Cooperation
(29th ~30th November, 2021Dakar, Senegal
CHINESE EMBASSY IN NIGERIA
Ⅰ. Speeches and Press Releases
Ⅰ. Speeches and Press Releases
Uphold the Tradition of Always Standing Together
And Jointly Build a China-Africa Community With a Shared Future in the New Era
Keynote Speech by H.E. Xi Jinping
President of the People’s Republic of China
At the Opening Ceremony of the Eighth Ministerial Conference of
The Forum on China-Africa Cooperation
Your Excellency President MackySall,
Dear Guests and Friends,
It is such a pleasure to attend the opening ceremony of the Eighth Ministerial Conference of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC). Let me first express sincere appreciation to President Sall and the government of Senegal for their excellent organization, and extend a warm welcome to the colleagues and guests attending the Conference.
This year marks the 65th anniversary of the start of diplomatic relations between China and African countries. Over the past 65 years, China and Africa have forged unbreakable fraternity in our struggle against imperialism and colonialism, and embarked on a distinct path of cooperation in our journey toward development and revitalization. Together, we have written a splendid chapter of mutual assistance amidst complex changes, and set a shining example for building a new type of international relations.
Why do China and Africa have such a close relationship and so deep a bond of friendship? The key lies in an everlasting spirit of China-Africa friendship and cooperation forged between the two sides, which features sincere friendship and equality, win-win for mutual benefit and common development, fairness and justice, and progress with the times and openness and inclusiveness. This truly captures the relations of China and Africa working together in good and hard times over the past decades, and provides a source of strength for the continuous growth of China-Africa friendly relations.
This year marks the 50th anniversary of the restoration of China’s lawful seat in the United Nations. Here, let me express sincere appreciation to the many African friends who supported China back then. Let me also make it solemnly clear that China will never forget the profound friendship of African countries and will remain guided by the principle of sincerity, real results, amity and good faith and the principle of pursuing the greater good and shared interests. China will work together with African friends to promote and carry forward the spirit of China-Africa friendship and cooperation from generation to generation.
At the 2018 FOCAC Beijing Summit, I proposed that we build an even stronger China-Africa community with a shared future. The proposal was unanimously endorsed by African leaders. Over the past three years and more, China and Africa have worked together to fully implement the eight major initiatives and other outcomes of the Beijing Summit, and completed a large number of priority cooperation projects. China-Africa trade and China’s investment in Africa have been on a steady rise. Almost all African members of FOCAC have joined the big family of Belt and Road cooperation. All these have injected strong impetus into the China-Africa comprehensive strategic and cooperative partnership.
A journey of a thousand miles begins with the first step. As we stand at the historic starting point of building a China-Africa community with a shared future in the new era, I wish to make the following four proposals:
First, fighting COVID-19 with solidarity. We need to put people and their lives first, be guided by science, support waiving intellectual property rights on COVID-19 vaccines, and truly ensure the accessibility and affordability of vaccines in Africa to bridge the immunization gap.
Second, deepening practical cooperation. We need to open up new prospects for China-Africa cooperation, expand trade and investment, share experience on poverty reduction, strengthen cooperation on digital economy, and promote entrepreneurship by young Africans and the development of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). At the UN General Assembly this year, I put forward the Global Development Initiative, which dovetails with the African Union’s Agenda 2063 and the UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. We welcome the active support and participation by African countries.
Third, promoting green development. In the face of climate change, which is a major challenge to all humanity, we need to advocate green and low-carbon development, actively promote solar, wind and other sources of renewable energy, work for effective implementation of the Paris Agreement on climate change and keep strengthening our capacity for sustainable development.
Fourth, upholding equity and justice. The world needs true multilateralism. Peace, development, equity, justice, democracy and freedom are common values of humanity and represent the abiding aspirations of both China and Africa. We both advocate a development path suited to our national conditions and are both committed to upholding the rights and interests of developing countries. We both oppose intervention in domestic affairs, racial discrimination and unilateral sanctions. We need to unequivocally stand for the just propositions of developing countries and translate our common aspirations and interests into joint actions.
In the run-up to this Conference, our two sides have jointly prepared the China-Africa Cooperation Vision 2035. Under the first three-year plan of the Vision, China will work closely with African countries to implement the following nine programs:
First, the medical and health program. To help the AU achieve its goal of vaccinating 60 percent of the African population by 2022, I announce that China will provide another one billion doses of vaccines to Africa, including 600 million doses as donation and 400 million doses to be provided through such means as joint production by Chinese companies and relevant African countries. In addition, China will undertake 10 medical and health projects for African countries, and send 1,500 medical personnel and public health experts to Africa.
Second, the poverty reduction and agricultural development program. China will undertake 10 poverty reduction and agricultural projects for Africa, and send 500 agricultural experts to Africa. China will set up a number of China-Africa joint centers for modern agrotechnology exchange, demonstration and training in China, encourage Chinese institutions and companies to build in Africa demonstration villages for China-Africa cooperation on agricultural development and poverty reduction, and support the Alliance of Chinese Companies in Africa for Corporate Social Responsibilities in launching the initiative of “100 Companies in 1,000 Villages”.
Third, the trade promotion program. China will open “green lanes” for African agricultural exports to China, speed up the inspection and quarantine procedures, and further increase the scope of products enjoying zero-tariff treatment for the least developed countries (LDCs) having diplomatic relations with China, in a bid to reach 300 billion US dollars in total imports from Africa in the next three years. China will provide 10 billion US dollars of trade finance to support African export, and build in China a pioneering zone for in-depth China-Africa trade and economic cooperation and a China-Africa industrial park for Belt and Road cooperation. China will undertake 10 connectivity projects for Africa, form an expert group on economic cooperation with the secretariat of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), and give continued support to the development of the AfCFTA.
Fourth, the investment promotion program. China will encourage its businesses to invest no less than 10 billion US dollars in Africa in the next three years, and will establish a platform for China-Africa private investment promotion. China will undertake 10 industrialization and employment promotion projects for Africa, provide credit facilities of 10 billion US dollars to African financial institutions, support the development of African SMEs on a priority basis, and establish a China-Africa cross-border RMB center. China will exempt African LDCs from debt incurred in the form of interest-free Chinese government loans due by the end of 2021. China is ready to channel to African countries 10 billion US dollars from its share of the IMF’s new allocation of Special Drawing Rights.
Fifth, the digital innovation program. China will undertake 10 digital economy projects for Africa, set up centers for China-Africa cooperation on satellite remote-sensing application, and support the development of China-Africa joint laboratories, partner institutes, and scientific and technological innovation cooperation bases. China will work with African countries to expand Silk Road e-commerce cooperation, hold online shopping festivals featuring quality African products and tourism e-commerce promotion activities, and launch a campaign to market 100 African stores and 1,000 African products on e-commerce platforms.
Sixth, the green development program. China will undertake 10 green development, environmental protection and climate action projects for Africa, support the development of the “Great Green Wall”, and build in Africa centers of excellence on low-carbon development and climate change adaptation.
Seventh, the capacity building program. China will help build or upgrade 10 schools in Africa, and invite 10,000 high-level African professionals to seminars and workshops. We will implement “Future of Africa — a project for China-Africa cooperation on vocational education”, and start an employment “through train” scheme for African students in China. China will continue to work with African countries to set up “Luban Workshops”, and encourage Chinese companies in Africa to create at least 800,000 local jobs.
Eighth, the cultural and people-to-people exchange program. China will support making all African countries having diplomatic ties with China approved destinations for Chinese tourist groups. We will hold African film festivals in China and Chinese film festivals in Africa, as well as a China-Africa youth services forum, and a China-Africa women’s forum.
Ninth, the peace and security program. China will undertake 10 peace and security projects for Africa, continue to deliver military assistance to the AU, support African countries’ efforts to independently maintain regional security and fight terrorism, and conduct joint exercises and on-site training between Chinese and African peacekeeping troops and cooperation on small arms and light weapons control.
Senegal’s first President Léopold Sédar Senghor once wrote, “Let us answer ‘present’ at the rebirth of the world.” I am convinced that the concerted efforts of China and Africa will make this FOCAC Conference a full success, one that shall pool the mighty strength of the 2.7 billion Chinese and Africans and guide us toward a high-level China-Africa community with a shared future.
Report by State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang YiAt the Eighth Ministerial Conference of the
Forum on China-Africa Cooperation
On behalf of the Chinese Follow-up Committee of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC), I hereby report to the Ministerial Conference the implementation of the follow-up actions of the 2018 FOCAC Beijing Summit and the Seventh Ministerial Conference.
In September 2018, the 2018 FOCAC Beijing Summit and the Seventh Ministerial Conference was successfully held, which was a milestone in the history of China-Africa relations. The meeting adopted the Beijing Declaration—Toward an Even Stronger China-Africa Community with a Shared Future and the FOCAC Beijing Action Plan (2019-2021). The two sides agreed to build a China-Africa community with a shared future that features joint responsibility, win-win cooperation, happiness for all, common cultural prosperity, common security, and harmonious co-existence, and to work together on the eight major initiatives.
Over the past three years, China and Africa have collaborated closely to overcome COVID-19 and other challenges and to implement the follow-ups of the Summit. So far, all follow-ups are in place, except two involving personnel exchange and training that were not yet fully implemented due to COVID-19. Specifically —
First, China-Africa political mutual trust has reached a new level. High-level exchange plays an important role in guiding China-Africa relations. Overcoming the difficulties caused by COVID-19 on face-to-face interactions, our two sides have maintained high-level exchanges via video link, phone calls and in other forms. President Xi Jinping attaches high importance to China-Africa relations, and has used various ways to enhance direct communication with African leaders. On the sidelines of the G20 Summit in 2019, President Xi Jinping held a meeting with leaders of some African countries. In June 2020, President Xi Jinping, together with leaders of 13 African countries and Chairman of the Commission of the African Union (AU), convened the Extraordinary China-Africa Summit on Solidarity Against COVID-19, sending a strong message to the international community of China and Africa working in solidarity to tide over difficulties under the new circumstances. Since COVID-19 broke out, President Xi Jinping has had 17 telephone calls with heads of state of African countries and has, together with African leaders, charted the course for China-Africa relations. The Global Development Initiative that President Xi Jinping put forward during this year’s meeting of the United Nations General Assembly has been warmly received by many African countries.
Facing the new international landscape and various global challenges, China and Africa have held high the banner of multilateralism, firmly upheld the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, and worked together to promote a more just and equitable international order and safeguard the interests of all developing countries. China has firmly supported African countries in seeking strength through unity, continued to speak up for Africa on multilateral occasions, and called on the international community to scale up attention and support to the cause of peace and development of Africa. In May this year, China and Africa jointly launched the Initiative on Partnership for Africa’s Development at the UN Security Council open debate on “Peace and security in Africa: addressing root causes of conflict in post-pandemic recovery in Africa”, demonstrating their firm determination to strengthen solidarity and coordination and jointly promote equity and justice under the new circumstances.
China has supported the AU, African sub-regional organizations and relevant countries in playing the leading role in settling regional conflicts. China and Africa have coordinated and collaborated closely on major regional and international issues such as the United Nations reform, climate change, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, counterterrorism, and international anti-COVID cooperation. When some Western countries attacked and smeared China using issues concerning Xinjiang and Hong Kong, many African countries, along with the vast number of developing countries, sponsored joint statements or made stand-alone statements in the UN Human Rights Council, the Third Committee of the UN General Assembly and other arena in a joint effort to safeguard the principle of non-interference in domestic affairs, a basic norm governing international relations. China and Africa have supported each other’s candidates in elections in the United Nations and other important international organizations. China has given strong support to the African candidates for senior posts in the World Trade Organization, the World Health Organization, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, and the International Atomic Energy Agency and others. With the support of many African countries, Chinese candidates were successfully elected Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization and Secretary-General of the International Telecommunication Union.
Second, China-Africa solidarity and mutual assistance has become a fine example of international cooperation against the pandemic. In face of the sudden onslaught of COVID-19, China and Africa have stood side by side to fight the virus and overcome the difficulties. We have actively implemented the consensus reached by our leaders at the Extraordinary China-Africa Summit on Solidarity Against COVID-19, and have put into action the vision of the China-Africa community with a shared future. At the most challenging time of China’s battle against COVID-19, African countries offered us invaluable support. And when Africa was struck by the virus, China was the first to rush in with assistance. We have sent medical experts or short-term medical teams to 17 African countries, established cooperation mechanisms with 45 hospitals in 40 African countries, and provided anti-epidemic supplies to each and every African member of FOCAC.
China actively follows through President Xi Jinping’s commitment of making vaccines a global public good. It has provided over 180 million doses of COVID-19 vaccines to 53 African countries and the AU Commission. At the opening ceremony of the FOCAC Conference yesterday, President Xi Jinping announced another major initiative — China will provide another one billion doses of COVID-19 vaccines to Africa, of which 600 million doses will be in the form of donations and the other 400 million will be jointly produced in Africa by Chinese and African companies. This is a powerful message of China and Africa working together to close the “immunization gap”. It is a strong impetus for the world to defeat COVID-19 at an early date. To help African countries tackle the pandemic and recover the economy, China is implementing in all aspects the G20 Debt Service Suspension Initiative. It has signed debt service suspension agreements or reached common understanding with 19 African countries. China is also speeding up the construction of the Africa CDC headquarters, and is having cooperation with African countries on joint vaccine production, which will be expanded over time.
Third, China-Africa business cooperation has made new progress. Facing the combined impacts of the pandemic and the major changes both unseen in a century and unbalanced recovery of the world economy, China-Africa business cooperation has maintained a strong growth momentum despite the headwind. New breakthroughs have been achieved in cooperation in digital economy, free trade, private investment and other areas, thus further deepening China-Africa cooperation and taking it to higher levels. Belt and Road cooperation has also been deepened and substantiated. Fifty-two African countries and the AU Commission have signed BRI cooperation agreements with China, providing new drivers for China-Africa cooperation. The eight major initiatives have been successfully implemented, and a large number of cooperation projects are being carried out. The US$60 billion of financing has on the whole been delivered. Among that, implementation for concessional loans and preferential export buyers’ credit was affected due to a number of factors including heavier debt burdens on African countries caused by the pandemic. Nevertheless, other forms of credit and investment have all been over-fulfilled. Later on, Minister of Commerce Wang Wentao will give a detailed briefing on the implementation of the eight major initiatives.
Fourth, China-Africa people-to-people and cultural exchange has gained new development. Think tank and media exchanges and cooperation have become deeper. The China-Africa Institute was inaugurated in April 2019. Under the China-Africa Joint Research and Exchange Plan, more than 60 research projects and seminars have been implemented. The media cooperation networks have kept expanding. Nearly 30 African media organizations have joined the Belt and Road News Alliance, and a “cloud center” has been established in the China-Africa Press Center. The China-Africa Think Tanks Forum, the China-Africa Poverty Reduction and Development Conference, the Forum on China-Africa Media Cooperation, and other high-quality exchange and dialogue events have been held successfully.
Cultural exchanges and people-to-people interactions have kept deepening. Thirty-five cultural institutions from ten African countries have joined the Silk Road International League of Theaters, the International Alliance of Museums of the Silk Road, the Silk Road International Arts Festival, and the Silk Road International Library Alliance. The China-Africa Youth Festival, the Forum on China-Africa Local Government Cooperation, the China-Africa Young Leaders Forum, the China-Africa People’s Forum and other events were successfully held. The two sides have twinned up another 11 pairs of provinces/cities, and brought the number of sister cities to 150. Thirty-four African countries and territories have gained Approved Destination Status for organized tours of Chinese citizens, and 60 Africa-related cultural, sports and tourism programs have been launched by China. More and more fine audiovisual products from China have been translated into multiple languages and broadcast in Africa, providing an important window for Africans to learn more about China. MariatuKargbo and other African artists, active on the stages in China, enjoy huge popularity among the Chinese people.
Fifth, China-Africa cooperation on peace and security has moved deeper and produced more deliverables. Over the past three years, China has firmly supported the African efforts to find African solutions to African issues. It worked actively to deliver to the AU the pledged military aid worth of US$100 million, plus an additional US$80 million, and earmarked 300 million RMB yuan of them for supporting the G5 Sahel Joint Force. China has promoted the implementation of the China-Africa Peace and Security Fund, surpassed the goal of completing 50 security assistance programs, and provided equipment, materials, training and other forms of assistance to Africa’s efforts in maintaining peace and stability. The first China-Africa Peace and Security Forum and the Dialogue on the Implementation of China-Africa Peace and Security Initiative were successfully held, which provided new platforms for closer exchanges and cooperation on peace and security. China has actively encouraged the UN to increase support for peacekeeping operations in Africa. China is the second largest contributor to the UN peacekeeping budget, and about 75 percent of its contributions are channeled to operations in Africa. China is actively involved in UN peacekeeping missions in Africa. Currently, around 1,800 Chinese peacekeepers are deployed in five UN missions on the continent, making Chinese contributions to the peacekeeping cause in Africa.
Sixth, FOCAC has generated a sustained positive impact. In the 21 years since its founding, FOCAC has embraced the world trend of peace, development and win-win cooperation, and contributed enormously to the solidarity, friendship, common development, cooperation and people-to-people friendship between China and Africa. It has become a banner taking the lead in international cooperation with Africa, a forefunner in practicing multilateralism, and a fine example of pursuing mutual benefit. Its exemplary role has continued to grow, making the international community invest more in Africa and giving an impetus to Africa’s effort for lasting peace and sustainable development. In November last year, we celebrated the 20th anniversary of FOCAC, and charted its future course in continuing to take the lead in pursuing innovative growth of China-Africa relations in a new era.
With the concerted efforts of both sides, FOCAC has steadily improved its institutional development. The two sides held the Coordinators’ Meeting on the Implementation of the Follow-up Actions of FOCAC Beijing Summit, which brought the two sides together to share ideas, coordinate actions and build consensus in pursuit of high-quality cooperation and sustainable growth of their cooperation. The 14th and 15th Meetings of Senior Officials were successfully held. The Chinese Follow-up Committee and the African diplomatic corps in China have held four rounds of consultations to ensure the efficiency of FOCAC. The sub-forums on agriculture, poverty reduction, peace and security, think tanks, media, youth, people-to-people ties, and sub-national cooperation have become more mature, and have assumed various forms of collaboration. They have further broadened and deepened China-Africa cooperation across the board and served as bridges of China-Africa friendship.
The important achievement in China-Africa cooperation and FOCAC’s development in the past three years is the result of the joint efforts by all members to stand up to the challenges in the FOCAC spirit of extensive consultation, joint contribution, and shared benefits. It demonstrated our common aspiration and strong determination for stronger solidarity and closer cooperation under the new circumstances. It also displayed the remarkable resilience and vitality of China-Africa cooperation in face of the unique challenge of COVID-19.
Achievements in the past are hard-won and valuable, but what awaits ahead is even more promising. We have harvested not just fruitful results from our cooperation, but also greater confidence and motivation. Let us learn from past experience, build strategic consensus, further improve the quality of our cooperation, and elevate our mutually beneficial cooperation and common development to higher levels so as to deliver greater benefits to both Chinese and African peoples.
That is my report to this Conference on the implementation of the follow-up actions of the FOCAC Beijing Summit.
Wang Yi Talks about the Five-pronged Important Consensus Reached at the Eighth FOCAC Ministerial Conference
On November 30, 2021 local time, State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi received journalists together with Senegalese Foreign Minister Aissata Tall Sall after the Eighth Ministerial Conference of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) concluded.
Wang Yi said that the Eighth FOCAC Ministerial Conference was a great success. The fact that President Xi Jinping attended the opening ceremony of the conference via video link and delivered a keynote speech fully demonstrates that China attaches great importance to China-Africa relations. The conference assessed the implementation of the achievements of the previous session, discussed and finalized the plan for following-up cooperation, and adopted four achievement papers, the most among all sessions. The success of the conference confirmed the strong will of China and Africa to work together to overcome difficulties and seek common development, and showed the huge potential and bright prospects of China-Africa cooperation. The most important consensus reached by China and Africa can be summarized in the following five aspects.
First, both sides will promote the spirit of China-Africa friendship and cooperation. This year marks the 65th anniversary of the establishment of China-Africa diplomatic relations. President Xi Jinping summarized the history of China-Africa relations and proposed the spirit for the first time, which became a highlight of the meeting. The spirit is a valuable treasure fostered by both sides through our struggles for national independence and liberation, an important attitude formed by both sides along our glorious march towards development, rejuvenation, unity and cooperation, an interpretation of our characteristics of friendship, equality, mutual benefit and justice, and an epochal example of a new model of international relations. No matter how the international situation may change and what difficulties and obstacles China and Africa may encounter, the two sides will remain strongly committed to strengthening mutual political trust and deepening practical cooperation so that the spirit of China-Africa friendship and cooperation will be carried forward and passed on from generation to generation.
Second, China and Africa will work together to defeat the pandemic. We’ll never forget the precious support from African countries and the African Union when China was having a hard time during the combat against the pandemic. In face of the pandemic in Africa, we feel for the African people and do our best to give assistance. When addressing the opening ceremony of the conference, President Xi Jinping solemnly announced that China will provide an additional one billion vaccine doses to Africa to help the African Union achieve its goal of vaccinating 60 percent of the African population by 2022. This is the largest vaccine assistance plan undertaken by a single country to Africa since the outbreak of the pandemic, which will surely boost Africa’s confidence and motivation to overcome the pandemic.
Third, both sides will work to enrich China-Africa cooperation in the new era. In addition to our due works in traditional fields of China-Africa cooperation, we will aim at the most urgent development needs of African countries, and will transform and upgrade China-Africa cooperation in such fields as health, people’s well-being, green development, digital economy, and capacity building, so as to create more cooperation highlights. President Xi Jinping announced that China will implement nine programs jointly with African countries, which is a strong declaration of China’s continued commitment to Africa and the sustained momentum of China-Africa cooperation.
Fourth, the two sides will work together to practice true multilateralism. China and Africa are important forces for securing world peace and development. We will continue to firmly support each other on issues of core interests and major concerns, jointly safeguard the international system with the United Nations at its core and the international order underpinned by international law, and enhance the representation and voice of developing countries in international affairs. The two sides will resolutely oppose any unilateral sanctions, any interference in other countries’ internal affairs and racial discrimination, and will promote the shared human values of peace, development, fairness, justice, democracy and freedom, to make greater contributions to safeguarding world equity and justice.
Fifth, China and Africa will jointly build a China-Africa community with a shared future in the new era. Facing the combined challenges of centennial volatility and the pandemic unseen in a century, President Xi Jinping proposed the four proposals on building a China-Africa community with a shared future in the new era, which is warmly responded to by African leaders. China appreciates African countries’ welcome and support for the Global Development Initiative proposed by President Xi Jinping, and will work with Africa to align the initiative with the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the African Union’s Agenda 2063 to create synergic energy. China is ready to march with Africa hand in hand on the path of development and rejuvenation, and jointly build a China-Africa community with a shared future in the new era.
Wang Yi stressed that the FOCAC has gone through 20 extraordinary years and is standing at a new historic starting point. China will always be Africa’s most bona fide, most reliable, and longest-term partner. He believes that, with the strategic guidance of Chinese and African leaders and the joint efforts of both sides, we will definitely see the next “two golden decades” of the FOCAC and achieve greater success in building a China-Africa community with a shared future in the new era.
The Eighth FOCAC Ministerial Conference
Achieves a Full Success
From November 29 to 30, 2021 local time, the Eighth Ministerial Conference of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) was held in Dakar. The conference was co-chaired by State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi, Minister of Commerce Wang Wentao, Senegalese Foreign Minister Aissata Tall Sall, and Senegalese Minister of Economy, Planning and International Cooperation AmadouHott.
Wang Yi said, despite the impact of COVID-19, China and the African side overcame the difficulties to hold the conference on schedule, had a practical and efficient discussion on the theme of the conference and reached an extensive consensus. The conference has achieved a full success.
Wang Yi said, at the meeting, we reviewed the development of China-Africa relations and the outcomes of fighting COVID-19 with China-Africa solidarity since the FOCAC Beijing Summit, considered the implementation of the eight major initiatives of FOCAC Beijing Summit, adopted a series of outcome documents that numbered more than any of the previous conferences. This has fully embodied the high quality and high level of China-Africa cooperation, demonstrated China and the African side’s resolute determination to jointly pursue development, face challenges and share opportunities in the new era.
Wang Yi said, we have unanimously decided to keep advancing anti-pandemic cooperation. President Xi announced at the opening ceremony that China will provide another one billion doses of vaccines to Africa, which was highly hailed and warmly received by African leaders and colleagues. China will fully implement the solemn pledge by President Xi Jinping, continue to support vaccines IPR exemption, help Africa improve its capacity of local production of vaccines, bridge the immunization gap as soon as possible and provide strong support to Africa to triumph over the pandemic.
Wang Yi said, we had an in-depth discussion on the international situation, global governance and other major issues, and agreed that we should advance true multilateralism, staunchly uphold the international system with the United Nations at its core and the international order based on international law, firmly safeguard the sovereignty, security and development interests of China and African countries, and uphold the common interests of developing countries. We should increase the representation and say of the vast number of developing countries, including African countries, on the international stage, and work together to build a new type of international relations featuring mutual respect, equity and justice and win-win cooperation.
Wang Yi stressed that China-African cooperation continued to improve despite adversity, demonstrating strong tenacity and potential. We should take the opportunity of the implementation of the outcomes of this conference and better benefit the Chinese and African people.
First, both sides should march on the journey towards building a China-Africa community with a shared future in the new era. Both sides should firmly step on the development paths that suit their national conditions, enhance dialogue and communication on governance and administration of state affairs, firmly grasp their own destiny, and resolutely support each other’s efforts in safeguarding state sovereignty, security and development interests. The two sides should also deeply align China-Africa Belt and Road cooperation and the Global Development Initiative with the African Union’s Agenda 2063, the development of the African Continental Free Trade Area and the development strategies of African countries.
Second, both sides should usher in a new chapter of upgrading and higher-quality China-Africa cooperation. The two sides should stick to the spirit of the forum featuring extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits, work together to implement the nine programs, and transform and upgrade China-Africa cooperation in such fields as health, people’s well-being, green development, digital economy and capacity building, so as to make greater contributions to the post-pandemic economic recovery and sustainable development of Africa. China will always be Africa’s most bona fide and reliable cooperative partner, and will increase rather than reduce its investment in Africa.
Third, both sides should maintain the traditional friendship and pass it on from generation to generation. Both sides should carry forward the spirit of China-Africa friendship and cooperation, tell good African stories in China and vice versa, and act as contributors and guardians of China-Africa friendship. The two sides should strengthen communication between youth and women, give more care and protection to their respective overseas nationals, and foster more forces that are adept in China-Africa relations, support China-Africa cooperation and care about China-Africa friendship, so as to make China-Africa friendship nurtured by the elder generation ever-blooming.
Fourth, both sides should safeguard true multilateralism, international fairness and justice. The two sides should uphold the just appeals of China, Africa and vast developing countries, and promote fairer and more reasonable international order. China is willing to work with the African side to bring more countries and international organizations into the Global Development Initiative and the Initiative on Partnership for Africa’s Development, so as to form a strong synergy in favor of the development of Africa.
The 53 African countries’ foreign ministers or representatives, ministers of economy and trade and ministers of finance attended the conference. All participants extended congratulations on the grand and successful convening of the conference and spoke highly of President Xi Jinping’s announcement of new and significant measures to the cooperation with Africa and fruitful achievements of Africa-China cooperation under the forum’s framework. They stated that China has become an indispensable partner in Africa’s development, and the forum has become the most important accelerator for Africa-China cooperation. Africa supports and will actively participate in the Global Development Initiative and the Initiative on Partnership for Africa’s Development. Africa expects greater supports from China to its industrialization and fight against the pandemic. Africa stands ready to contribute to high-quality Belt and Road cooperation for people’s well-being and common prosperity.
The conference adopted the Dakar Declaration, the Dakar Plan of Action (2022-2024), the Declaration on China-Africa Cooperation on Climate Change, and the 2035 Vision for China-Africa Cooperation.
Wang Yi and Aissata received journalists after the conference concluded.
At the conference, Minister of Commerce Wang Wentao reported the implementation of the eight major initiatives proposed at the Beijing Summit and briefed on the 2035 Vision for China-Africa Cooperation.
Dakar Declaration of the Eighth Ministerial Conference of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation
1. We, the Heads of Delegation of the People’s Republic of China, 53 African countries and the African Union Commission (AUC), gathered in Dakar, Senegal on 29-30 November 2021 for the Eighth Ministerial Conference of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC). Under the theme ”Deepen China-Africa Partnership and Promote Sustainable Development to Build a China-Africa Community with a Shared Future in the New Era” and committed to the development of FOCAC and to the deepening of the China-Africa comprehensive strategic and cooperative partnership, we adopted by consensus the Dakar Declaration of the Eighth Ministerial Conference of FOCAC.
2. Facing COVID-19 pandemic, of a scale unseen in a century, the world has entered a new phase of uncertainty, with headwinds to multilateralism and increasingly serious global challenges such as climate change and terrorism. The COVID-19 pandemic has revealed the governance and development deficits of human society and posed a serious threat to the life and health of people of all countries. Facing the pandemic, China and African countries have taken robust, proactive and effective measures, and made important contributions to the global response accordingly.
3. We recall and fully endorse the vision of a community with a shared future for mankind, which has been commended by leaders of China and Africa at various levels of engagement. We call on countries around the world to work in concert to promote the shared interests of all humanity, build an open, inclusive, clean, environmentally friendly and sustainable world that enjoys lasting peace, universal security and common prosperity, foster a new type of international relations featuring mutual respect, fairness, justice, and win-win cooperation.
4. We are satisfied with the fruitful results of the China-Africa relationship achieved since the establishment of diplomatic ties between China and African countries and the creation of FOCAC. We applaud the unanimous decision of Chinese and African leaders at the 2018 FOCAC Beijing Summit to build a China-Africa community with a shared future that assumes joint responsibility, pursues win-win cooperation, delivers happiness for all, enjoys cultural prosperity, enjoys common security and promotes harmony between man and nature. We are determined to elevate the China-Africa comprehensive strategic and cooperative partnership to even higher levels and setting a good example of a community with a shared future for mankind.
5. China and Africa will uphold and value the principles of no harm and harmony, sincerity, equality, mutual respect, mutual benefits, amity and good faith and the principle of pursuing greater good and shared interests, and adopt a people-oriented approach in pursuing practical cooperation with efficiency and embrace openness and inclusiveness. China is committed to no interference in African countries’ pursuit of development paths that suit their national conditions, no interference in the internal affairs of African countries, no imposition of its own will on African countries, no attachment of political strings to assistance to Africa, and no seeking of political gains in investment and financing cooperation with Africa. China and Africa will follow the principle of common, intensive, green, safe and open development and deepen their friendly cooperation. Africa applauds these principles and approaches, and stands ready to work with China to pass on the traditional friendship from generation to generation.
6. The COVID-19 pandemic is a major challenge for all humanity and joint cooperation will lead to its containment. We applaud the success of the Extraordinary China-Africa Summit on Solidarity against COVID-19 held in June 2020, which demonstrates the strong will of China and Africa to combat the pandemic and overcome difficulties together. China appreciates the solidarity and support from African countries and regional organizations such as the AU for China’s fight against COVID-19. Africa commends China’s robust support for its pandemic response, including starting ahead of schedule the construction of the Africa CDC headquarters to help enhance Africa’s capacity for disease prevention and control and sustainable development. To strengthen cooperation in public health, China supports its pharmaceutical companies in transferring technologies to African countries, and will work to advance cooperation between paired-up Chinese and African hospitals and the construction of China-Africa Friendship Hospitals, and the building of Africa CDC headquarters. China will provide more medical assistance to support Africa in strengthening prevention and control of communicable and non-communicable diseases and building up public health capacity, with a view to building a China-Africa community of health for all.
7. We reaffirm our full support to the World Health Organization (WHO) for its leading and coordinating role in COVID-19 response and the wider global health agenda. We firmly oppose any attempt to politicize, label or stigmatize the virus, encourage and call for international origins-tracing cooperation in a science-based, professional, impartial and constructive manner on the basis of the Report of the China-WHO Joint Mission on COVID-19. We hold the view that COVID-19 vaccines should be a global public good. The international community must discard “vaccine nationalism”, increase vaccine supply to Africa, guarantee equitable distribution, and ensure vaccine accessibility and affordability in Africa. We reaffirm our support to the Access to COVID-19 Tools Accelerator (ACT-A) and the COVID-19 Vaccines Global Access (COVAX). Africa appreciates China’s vaccine donations and exports to African countries in need, and applauds the important contributions of Chinese vaccines to Africa’s fight against the pandemic. Both sides support the waiver of intellectual property rights of COVID-19 vaccines. We commend efforts by Chinese companies in conducting joint vaccine production in some African countries and welcome similar cooperation in more African countries.
8. Following the principle of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits, and the philosophy of open, green and clean cooperation, we will advance high-standard, people-centered and sustainable Belt and Road cooperation between China and Africa. China welcomes the fact that African countries have joined the big family of Belt and Road cooperation. China supports Africa in accelerating regional integration and connectivity, and works for a strong synergy between the Belt and Road Initiative and Agenda 2063 of the AU, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development of the UN, as well as the development strategies of African countries, in an effort to promote high-quality Belt and Road cooperation between China and Africa.
9. We are pleased to note that over the past 21 years since its inception, FOCAC has developed stronger mechanisms and produced remarkable results in practical cooperation between African countries and China. We applaud the fruitful results in implementing the follow-up actions of the outcomes of the 2018 FOCAC Beijing Summit, including the eight major initiatives and the FOCAC Beijing Action Plan (2019-2021). We will work together to further strengthen FOCAC, into a well-established framework, and upgrade China-Africa cooperation in key areas such as public health, investment, trade, industrialization, infrastructure, agriculture and food security, climate change, peace and security, human resources, digital and blue economy.
10. China commends Africa’s new progress in seeking strength through unity, takes note of the important achievements in the reform of AU agencies, and stands ready to strengthen cooperation with the AU, its agencies and African sub-regional organizations to work for more outcomes in China-Africa transnational and trans-regional cooperation, and applaud the opening of the African Union’s representative office in China in 2018.
11. We agree to continue to give each other firm support in upholding territorial integrity, sovereignty, security and development interests. African members of FOCAC reaffirm their commitment to the one-China principle, their support for China’s reunification and China’s efforts in resolving territorial and maritime disputes peacefully through friendly consultation and negotiation. Hong Kong, Xinjiang and Tibet related issues are China’s internal affairs, as observed in the international law and the non-interference principle. China reaffirms its commitment, on the basis of the one-China principle, to growing friendship and cooperation with all African countries and sharing with them its development opportunities. We advocate respect for the rights of people of all countries to independently choose the path of human rights development in light of their national conditions, call for the promotion and protection of human rights through constructive dialogues and cooperation, and oppose politicization of and double standards on human rights issues.
12. Africa warmly congratulates China on the 100th Anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China (CPC), commends the remarkable achievements in national development made by the Chinese people of all ethnic groups under the leadership of the CPC, and applauds China’s great victory in completing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects and eradicating extreme poverty in rural areas by 2020, ten years before the UN SDGs . Noting that Africa collectively needs to reduce poverty at twice the rate as China in order to meet the same SDGs, we will strengthen exchanges between China and African countries to enhance experience sharing on governance, poverty alleviation and development, with a view to achieving common development.
13. We are committed to multilateralism and support for the UN’s undertakings. We have made important contributions to global peace and development over the past 50 years since the restoration of China’s lawful seat at the UN. We reaffirm our commitment to observing the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, firmly upholding the UN-centered international system and the international order underpinned by international law, and supporting the UN’s central role in international affairs. We will vigorously promote multilateralism and democracy in international relations, and stand for equality between all countries irrespective of their size, strength or wealth. We stand against all forms of racial discrimination, and ideological confrontation.
14. We welcome the strides made 26 years after the World Conference on Women held in Beijing and recognize that women and girls play a vital role as agents of change and development. In line with the priorities of United Nation’s SDGs and “AU Strategy for Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment” (2018-2028), we agree to strengthen China-Africa cooperation for promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment on the respect of different custom and culture especially in the areas of employment, leadership, decent work, entrepreneurship, education and life-learning, agriculture, health-care, prevention and response to gender based violence, and access to finance. Noting new challenges posed by COVID-19 and the gender gaps that remain, we pledge to strengthen our collective efforts and cooperation towards achieving gender equality and women’s and girls’ empowerment in China and Africa for a full, effective and accelerated implementation of Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
15. China firmly supports more African representatives to lead international organizations and agencies, and supports African countries’ active participation in global governance and greater roles in international affairs. China and Africa underscore the unique responsibility conferred upon the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) to maintain international peace and security. We welcome the growing support for Africa and call for necessary reforms of the UN including the Security Council to redress the historic injustices done to African countries, including increasing the representation of developing countries, in particular African countries, in the UN and its Security Council. The African side recalls that its goal is to be fully represented in the UN, particularly in the Security Council, as stated in the unified african position.
16. We are committed to common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable global security, support the settlement of African issues with African solutions and the settlement of disputes and differences through dialogue and consultation. China is ready to actively support Africa in implementing the Silencing the Guns initiative, support relevant countries in countering terrorist threats and combating piracy and illegal fishing and trafficking. China supports the peace building efforts in Africa according to the national priorities of the African countries and in consistency with the principles of national ownership and national leadership of the peace building processes as well as accelerate steps to provide military aid to the African Standby Force and G5 Sahel Joint Force. In addition, China and Africa renew their commitment to work together to support the post conflict reconstruction and development efforts through the AUC-PCRD in Egypt. China and Africa call on the UN to provide predictable and sustainable funding for Africa’s independent peacekeeping operations.
17. We share the view that as the biggest developing country and the continent with the largest number of developing countries, China and Africa both deserve the right to development and happy lives, and both are facing the pressing task of accelerating development. We welcome the release of the China-Africa Cooperation Vision 2035 at the conference. China is ready to take the fostering of a new development paradigm as an opportunity to better synergize its development strategies with those of the AU and African countries, and support Africa in accelerating the implementation of the AU Agenda 2063, and achieving independent and sustainable development at an early date.
18. African countries welcome and support the Global Development Initiative (GDI) proposed by China. We believe that global partnership is imperative to accelerate implementation of Agenda 2063 of the AU and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development of the UN, and commit to promote stronger, greener and healthier global development and build a global community of development with a shared future. We are pleased to note that China and some African countries have adopted the Initiative on Partnership for Africa’s Development. We believe that Africa is a major stage for international cooperation rather than an arena for major-power competition. We call on more countries and organizations, especially Africa’s traditional partners, to join the Initiatives, so as to expedite Africa’s economic recovery in the post-COVID-19 era.
19. China welcomes the start of trading of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) on 1 January 2021. China believes that AfCFTA, a significant milestone in Africa’s economic integration, has injected strong impetus to the efforts to uphold multilateralism and free trade and build an open world economy. We applaud the fruitful outcomes of China-Africa trade and economic cooperation. Building on its new round of high-level opening-up, China is ready to support the development of AfCFTA, and actively conduct Silk Road e-commerce cooperation with Africa. China support African countries in promoting their products in China through platforms such as China International Import Expo, China-Africa Economic and Trade Expo and China International Small and Medium Enterprises Fair, so as to increase the export of high-quality specialty products including agricultural and food products to China.
20. China and Africa have played a positive and constructive role in global economic governance and will continue to support the WTO-centered and rules-based multilateral trading regime, uphold WTO’s core values and basic principles, actively take part in WTO reform, safeguard the development rights, interests and policy space of developing countries, and oppose the use of state power to suppress business cooperation.
21. China encourages Chinese enterprises to expand investment in Africa, and supports Africa in localizing production, accelerating economic transformation and increasing product competitiveness. Africa appreciates China’s publication of the Chinese Enterprises’ Investment in Africa, welcomes more Chinese enterprises to invest and do business in Africa, and stands ready to actively share with Africa investment policies, market opportunities and legal and regulatory information through mechanisms and platforms including mixed bilateral economic and trade committees. We will scale up investment cooperation and enhance industrial connectivity and production capacity cooperation. We will consult with each other to sign and upgrade bilateral agreements on investment protection and double taxation avoidance, with a view to providing our enterprises with a fair, transparent and nondiscriminatory business environment. We will also support enterprises in conducting cooperation through such means as Public-Private Partnership (PPP) and Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT).
22. Africa appreciates China’s active implementation of the G20 Debt Service Suspension Initiative. China stands ready to work with the international community, in line with the principle of joint actions and fair burden-sharing, to increase support to African countries that are hardest hit by COVID-19 and are under heavy financial stress, and help them overcome current difficulties. We call on developed countries, multilateral financial institutions, and commercial creditors to take stronger actions to help African countries reduce debt burden, and support countries with surplus Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) to channel a share of their SDRs to low-income African countries in need, in order to help African countries realize independent and sustainable development. We call on the IMF, the World Bank and other international financial institutions to improve their approval procedures for financial support to African countries, enhance work efficiency and lend more support to government investment spending of African countries.
23. We urge developed countries to fulfill their Official Development Assistance (ODA) commitment to developing countries, especially African countries, on time and in full, expand assistance, actively provide financial, technological and capacity building support, and enhance experience sharing, so as to help African countries reduce poverty, improve livelihood, expand employment, and strengthen disaster mitigation and prevention capability.
24. We welcome the release of the Declaration on China-Africa Cooperation on Climate Change at this conference, and recognize the important contributions made by developing countries to tackling climate change. We reaffirm our support for and participation in efforts to combat climate change in accordance with the targets and principles set forth by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement. We call on all parties of the international community to uphold such principles as “common but differentiated responsibilities”, and accommodate and take seriously the special difficulties and concerns of developing countries. Developed countries should demonstrate greater ambitions and take stronger actions to earnestly help developing countries, African countries in particular, enhance their capability and resilience to respond to climate change, and strengthen funding, technology, capacity building and other support. China supports Africa in successfully hosting the 27th session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC in Egypt. Africa applauds China’s announcement to strive to peak carbon dioxide emissions before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality before 2060, and speaks positively of the 15th meeting of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity held in Kunming, China in October 2021.
25. We support efforts to vigorously develop the green economy, advocate a green, low-carbon, circular and sustainable way of development, and work actively to build an environment-friendly society. We fully leverage the China-Africa Environmental Cooperation Center to advance policy dialogue, exchanges and cooperation on environmental protection. We welcome the positive role of the China-African Union Energy Partnership to increase the share of clean energy and promote sustainable energy development of both sides. We believe that the blue economy is of significant value to the sustainable development of African countries, and call for special attention to the vulnerability of small island developing countries under the impact of climate change. We are committed to strengthening marine ecological conservation and oppose irresponsible destructive actions. We are committed to enhancing the protection of wild fauna and flora, and working together to crack down on relevant illegal trade.
26. Recognising that the internet is a force for good, an enabler of trade, creator of jobs and facilitator of development, especially for women empowerment, we agree to strengthen cooperation on science and technology and support Africa in accelerating the development of digital economy, in particular to boost access to the high-speed internet and Africa’s pan-African e-network as well as development of satellite and aerospace technology in Africa. We agree to dedicate finance to and expand exchanges and cooperation on digitalization and communication technology, especially remote medical services, e-commerce, remote learning, 5G and future sensing and big data, support Africa in building smart cities and enhance international cooperation on the peaceful use of outer space. Africa takes due note of and will further positively consider the Global Initiative on Data Security launched by China. We stand ready to build on this Initiative to advance the formulation of global digital governance rules, and call on the international community to jointly build a peaceful, secure, open, cooperative and orderly cyberspace and a community with a shared future in cyberspace.
27. China applauds the outcomes of the AU Year of the Arts, Culture and Heritage 2021, commends the coming-into-effect of the Charter for African Cultural Renaissance, and supports the AU and African countries in implementing the Charter. We believe that people-to-people exchanges are important to increasing understanding, friendship and cooperation between Chinese and African peoples. Under the new circumstances, China and Africa need to further expand exchanges and cooperation in areas namely education, science and technology, sports, health, tourism, youth, women, media and culture including combatting illicit trafficking of cultural property through sharing information and repatriating cultural property that has been illegally excavated, stolen or smuggled to the countries of origin. China and Africa will foster cooperation between think tanks and local governments, so as to enhance people-to-people connectivity and mutual learning between civilizations, and foster a stronger social foundation for China-Africa friendship. We call on the international community to respect cultural diversity, rise above differences in ideology and social system, and oppose attempts to intentionally provoke clashes between civilizations.
28. We are committed to promoting the sustained and sound development of the Olympic Movement, and oppose the politicization of sports. Africa supports China in hosting the 2022 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games, and wishes the Games a great success.
29. We pledge to work toward building an even stronger China-Africa community with a shared future in the post-COVID era, build on past achievements, work together closely, and maintain high-level development of China-Africa relations. We will jointly build a “Healthy Africa”,”Industrialized Africa”, “Interconnected Africa”, “Bumper Harvest Africa”, “Digital Africa”, “Green Africa”, “Safe Africa” and “Inventing and Innovative Africa”. We will strengthen coordination in international affairs to bring benefits to the two peoples, jointly work for a fairer and more equitable international order, and continue to enrich the China-Africa comprehensive strategic and cooperative partnership.
30. We express gratitude to H.E.Mr. WANG Yi, State Councilor and Minister of Foreign Affairs and H.E.Mr.WANGWentao, Minister of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China and H.E.Ms. Aissata Tall SALL, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Senegalese Abroad and H.E.Mr. Amadou HOTT, Minister of Economy, Planning and International Cooperation of the Republic of Senegal for co-chairing the Eighth FOCAC Ministerial Conference.
31. We express gratitude to the government and people of the Republic of Senegal for the warm hospitality and excellent facilitation during the conference.
32. The Ninth FOCAC Ministerial Conference will be held in the People’s Republic of China in 2024.
Forum on China-Africa Cooperation
Dakar Action Plan (2022-2024)
The 8th Ministerial Conference of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) was held in Dakar, Senegal, from November 29th to 30th 2021. The Conference adopted Forum on China-Africa Cooperation Dakar Action Plan (2022-2024) on 30th. FULL TEXT:
Table of Contents
2.1 High-level Visits and Dialogue
2.2 Exchanges Between Political Parties, Legislatures, Consultative Bodies and Local Governments
2.3 China, the African Union and Africa’s Sub-regional Organizations
2.4 International Cooperation
3.1 Agriculture, Food Security and Food Safety
3.2 Infrastructure Development
3.3 Industrial Partnership and Production Capacity Cooperation
3.4 Investment and Economic Cooperation
3.6 Customs and Market Supervision
3.7 Digital Economy
4.1 Development Cooperation
4.2 Medical Care and Public Health
4.3 Education and Human Resources
4.4 Cooperation and Exchanges on Poverty Reduction and Rural Development
4.5 Science and Technology Cooperation and Knowledge Sharing
4.6 Cyber Security Cooperation
5.3 Press and Media
5.4 Academia and Think Tanks
5.5 Sub-national and People-to-People Exchanges
5.6 Youth and Women
6.1 Military, Police, Counter-terrorism and Law Enforcement
6.2 Anti-corruption, Consular Affairs, Immigration and Judiciary
7.1 Ecological Protection and Climate Response
7.2 Maritime Cooperation
7.3 Cooperation on Energy and Natural Resources
1.1 The 8th Ministerial Conference of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) was held in Dakar from November 29th to 30th 2021. The Heads of Delegation of China and the Heads of Delegation of 53 African countries and the Chairperson of the African Union Commission (hereinafter referred to as “the two sides”) attended the Conference.
1.2 The two sides commend the development of relations between China and Africa, and believe that over the past 21 years since its inception, the Forum has strongly promoted the development of relations between China and Africa, and become an important benchmark for international cooperation with Africa.
1.3 The two sides are satisfied with the effective implementation of the eight major initiatives launched during the 2018 Beijing Summit, and will continue to pursue the vision of innovative, coordinated, green and open development for all, promote high-quality China-Africa cooperation, and work in concert to defeat COVID-19 and advance post-pandemic economic recovery.
1.4 The two sides acknowledge that China, the largest developing country, has achieved the goal of building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects and is striving to realize its second centenary goal and the Chinese dream of national rejuvenation, and that African countries are endeavoring to build an integrated, prosperous and peaceful continent. China and Africa are committed to further enhancing their comprehensive strategic and cooperative partnership and building an even stronger China-Africa community with a shared future.
1.5 The two sides undertake to create synergy between the China-Africa Cooperation Vision 2035, the Long-Range Goals for 2035 of China, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development of the United Nations, and the Agenda 2063 of the African Union, thus drawing a long-term blueprint for China-Africa practical cooperation. China and Africa will make joint efforts to turn the vision into reality.
1.6 Africa supports the Global Development Initiative proposed by China. African countries will favorably consider joining the initiative and make joint efforts to accelerate the global implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
1.7 China welcomes African countries joining the big family of Belt and Road cooperation. China and Africa will continue to uphold the principle of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits, follow the philosophy of open, green and clean cooperation, and advance high-standard, people-centered and sustainable Belt and Road cooperation.
1.8 To implement the outcomes of the Conference, and chart the course of China-Africa friendly and mutually beneficial cooperation in various fields in the next three and even more years under the theme of “Deepening the Sino-African Partnership and Promoting Sustainable Development to Build a China-Africa Community with a Shared Future in the New Era”, the two sides jointly formulated and adopted by consensus this Action Plan.
1.9 China and Africa will work closely to further upgrade and improve the quality of China-Africa cooperation. To this end, the two sides will implement the nine programs, namely the the medical and health program, the poverty reduction and agricultural development program, the trade promotion program, the investment promotion program, the digital innovation program, the green development program, the capacity building program, the cultural and people-to-people exchange program, and the peace and security program. Relevant content will be reflected in the following articles of this Action Plan.
2. Political Cooperation
2.1 High-level Visits and Dialogue
2.1.1 The two sides will maintain close high-level exchanges to deepen traditional friendship, enhance political mutual trust, strengthen strategic coordination and cement the political foundation of China-Africa relations. China appreciates African leaders’ warm congratulations on the centenary of the Communist Party of China (CPC), and commends African leaders for attending the CPC and World Political Parties Summit.
2.1.2 The two sides will deepen experience sharing on state governance. China supports African countries in independently exploring development paths suited to their national conditions, and supports their efforts in formulating national development strategies, strengthening governing capacity and improving state governance. China and Africa will continue to share development experience, and enhance coordination of development philosophies and ideas in the process of cooperation.
2.1.3 To improve the planning and implementation of strategies regarding China-Africa relations and cooperation, the two sides agree to improve mechanisms such as the Bi-National Commissions (BNC), the intergovernmental commissions, the strategic dialogues, the foreign ministries’ political consultations, the joint/mixed commissions on economic and trade cooperation as well as joint working groups, and the steering committees. The two sides agree to hold a coordinators’ meeting on the implementation of the outcomes of the FOCAC Dakar Conference in due course.
2.2 Exchanges Between Political Parties, Legislatures, Consultative Bodies and Local Governments
2.2.1 The two sides will further strengthen high-level exchanges between Chinese and African political parties, improve bilateral and multilateral political dialogues such as the China-Africa Political Parties Theoretical Seminar, and deepen experience sharing and mutual learning on state governance.
2.2.2 The two sides will strengthen exchanges and cooperation between the leadership, special committees, and bilateral friendship groups of the National People’s Congress of China and parliaments of African countries to enhance mutual understanding and friendship and promote exchanges and mutual learning in such areas as legislation.
2.2.3 The two sides will encourage the National People’s Congress of China and parliaments of African countries to jointly hold bilateral and multilateral seminars, strengthen human resources cooperation, and promote capacity building of legislative bodies.
2.2.4 The National People’s Congress of China will strengthen friendly engagements with African regional parliament organizations, including the Pan-African Parliament and the African Parliamentary Union, and work closer with African parliaments in the Inter-Parliamentary Union and other multilateral institutions, so as to safeguard common interests and international fairness and justice.
2.2.5 The two sides will expand and strengthen exchanges and cooperation between the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) and parliaments of African countries, sub-regional parliaments of Africa, the Pan-African Parliament and the African Parliamentary Union.
2.2.6 The two sides will promote exchanges between the China-Africa Friendship Group of the National Committee of the CPPCC and relevant institutions and friendly personages in various organizations of African countries, the African Union and African regional organizations.
2.2.7 The two sides will deepen exchanges between the China Economic and Social Council and the AU Economic, Social and Cultural Council (ECOSCOCC), economic and social councils of African countries and other relevant institutions.
2.2.8 The two sides will further strengthen exchanges between local governments, encourage the establishment of more sister provinces/cities relations, improve the mechanism of China-Africa Forum on Cooperation Between Local Governments, and promote deeper and more concrete China-Africa sub-national cooperation.
2.3 China, the African Union and Africa’s Sub-regional Organizations
2.3.1 The two sides recognize the important role of the African Union in safeguarding peace and stability and promoting the integration of Africa. China commends the new progress made by Africa in seeking strength through unity, and notes the important results achieved in the institutional reform of the African Union. The African side appreciates China’s efforts and contributions in promoting peace, stability and development in Africa.
2.3.2 The two sides agree to consolidate and strengthen China’s cooperation with the African Union and its affiliated institutions and Africa’s sub-regional organizations, to continue holding the China-African Union Strategic Dialogue, and to strengthen communication and coordination between China and Africa’s sub-regional organizations, so that China-Africa transnational and trans-regional cooperation will deliver more outcomes.
2.3.3 The African side commends China for supporting the African Union and Africa’s sub-regional organizations in upgrading public service facilities, improving office conditions and enhancing public service capacity. China will continue to support the capacity building of the African Union and Africa’s sub-regional organizations.
2.3.4 China notes with appreciation that the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) has entered the implementation stage, and will set up an expert group on economic cooperation with the secretariat of the AfCFTA, and continue to support the development of the free trade area and the Secretariat of the AfCFTA .
2.4 International Cooperation
2.4.1 China and Africa are of the view that the world is undergoing profound changes unseen in a century and has entered a period of turbulence and transformation, while the COVID-19 pandemic accelerates the evolution of the international landscape. At the same time, peace, development and win-win cooperation remain the trend of our times, and countries are increasingly interconnected and interdependent. The two sides are committed to building a community with a shared future for mankind, to building an open, inclusive, clean and beautiful world that enjoys lasting peace, universal security and common prosperity, to fostering a new type of international relations featuring mutual respect, fairness, justice and win-win cooperation, and to safeguarding the common interests of the Chinese and African people.
2.4.2 The two sides will continue to support each other in international affairs and major international elections. The two sides reaffirm their commitment to upholding the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, the authority of the UN and true multilateralism. The two sides will continue to step up coordination and collaboration at the United Nations and other multilateral institutions, strengthen cooperation in such areas as maintaining peace and security and promoting sustainable development, push the international order toward greater equity and justice, and act on the common values of humanity, namely peace, development, fairness, justice, democracy and freedom.
2.4.3 The two sides are committed to strengthening cooperation in the field of human rights, to jointly opposing politicization of human rights issues or interfering in others’ internal affairs as prescribed in the UN Charter , and to promoting the healthy development of the international cause of human rights.
2.4.4 The two sides emphasize that tracing the origins of COVID-19 is a serious scientific issue that should be carried out cooperatively by scientists across the world. The two sides firmly oppose politicizing origins-tracing or using the issue as a tool to stigmatize others. The African side commends China’s active participation in global origins-tracing research, especially its close cooperation with the WHO, and welcomes the Joint Report of the WHO-convened Global Study of Origins of SARS-CoV-2: China Part released by the WHO in March 2021.
2.4.5 The two sides stress that it is important to carry out more extensive and in-depth research on origins-tracing at a global level on the basis of the conclusions and recommendations of the report, in accordance with the relevant resolution of the World Health Assembly, and through close cooperation of parties concerned, so as to provide safeguards for mankind to completely defeat the pandemic and forestall future risks.
2.4.6 The two sides are committed to promoting the sustained and sound development of the Olympic Movement, and oppose the politicization of sports. The African side supports China in hosting the Beijing 2022 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games and is ready to strengthen cooperation and exchanges with China in the field of sports.
2.4.7 China actively supports African countries in implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and is prepared to use the China-UN Peace and Development Trust Fund and the South-South Cooperation Assistance Fund to support African countries in pursuing sustainable development.
2.4.8 China will stay in close communication with African countries under the frameworks of the Group of 77 plus China, the United Nations Economic and Social Council as well as the Second Committee of the United Nations General Assembly, and maintain coordination and cooperation in areas such as poverty reduction, food security, COVID response and vaccines, climate change and green development, connectivity, digital economy, industrialization, and financing for development, so as to safeguard the common interests of developing countries.
2.4.9 The two sides believe that Africa is a major partner for international cooperation, not an arena for big power rivalry. They call on more countries and organizations, especially Africa’s traditional partners, to join the Initiative on Partnership for Africa’s Development launched by China and some African countries, with a view to creating effective synergy among the international community to enhance Africa’s quest for sustainable development. On the basis of mutual partnership, China is prepared to conduct third-party and multi-party cooperation with relevant sides.
2.4.10 China and Africa will work together to uphold the multilateral trading system with the WTO at its core and foster an open world economy. They support necessary reform of the WTO and greater liberalization and facilitation of international trade and investment to better safeguard the development rights and interests of developing countries and their space for development. They call for an early resumption of normal functioning of WTO’s dispute settlement mechanism and efforts to increase the authority and effectiveness of the multilateral trading system.
3. Economic Cooperation
3.1 Agriculture, Food Security and Food Safety
3.1.1 The two sides will give full play to the China-Africa agricultural cooperation mechanism, hold the second Forum on China-Africa Cooperation in Agriculture, and convene the first meeting of the China-AU Joint Committee on Agricultural Cooperation, to innovate cooperation methods, enrich the content of cooperation, and ensure the effective implementation of agricultural cooperation in fields of shared interest.
3.1.2 The two sides will further strengthen food security cooperation by giving full play to the China-AU coordination mechanism for Belt and Road cooperation and making good use of the South-South Cooperation Assistance Fund. The two sides will launch trials in such areas as reduction of post-harvest grain loss in light of the AU’s needs and China’s strengths, in order to support African countries to improve their food supply capacity with existing production capabilities.
3.1.3 The two sides will support leveraging the various economic and trade cooperation zones in Africa to advance cooperation across the whole industrial chain of agro-products, covering planting, processing and selling, so as to jointly enhance Africa’s capacity for localized processing of agro-products and increase the added value of agro-products. The two sides will work to improve the conditions of roads linking urban and rural areas, small water management and irrigation facilities in villages and townships, food storage and basic processing facilities, renewable energy power facilities, and small agricultural mechanization equipment in African countries.
3.1.4 China will continue to strengthen cooperation and exchanges with Africa in fishery and support promoting the development of the fishery industry of Africa to the best of its ability. The African side will introduce policies that are more conducive to China-Africa fishery cooperation to attract more investment from China and deliver mutually beneficial outcomes through cooperation.
3.1.5 China will actively expand the import of quality specialityagri-food products from Africa and open “green lanes” for African agricultural exports to China, speed up the inspection and quarantine procedures. The two sides will continue to step up collaboration in building a China-Africa Incubation Center for E-commerce in Agricultural Products. The two sides will better facilitate connections between Chinese and African agricultural enterprises and smooth out the channels for agricultural trade and investment, further expand bilateral trade of quality agricultural products as well as the types and scale of investment and support the efforts of Chinese businesses to invest in and build agricultural industrial parks in Africa.
3.1.6 The two sides will give full play to the agricultural technology demonstration centers already established in Africa to strengthen personnel training and exchanges as well as agricultural technology trials and demonstrations, and speed up the integrated application of technological outcomes suited to the agricultural conditions of African countries. The two sides will conduct cooperation on the development and utilization of Juncao, hybrid rice, hybrid millet and other technologies.
3.1.7 China will sign a memorandum of understanding with the African Development Bank (AfDB) in order to share China’s experience in agro-products processing with African countries through the platform of AfDB and provide technological support for agro-products processing zones in Africa.
3.1.8 China will send 500 agricultural experts to African countries to carry out plan making, policy consultation, technical demonstration, on-site teaching and capacity training. China will support the development of peasants’ schools and hold thematic skill training sessions for African rural development leaders in China, in order to support Africa to train local leaders of rural development and foster a talent pool for Africa’s agricultural and rural development. China will continue to implement the plan for cultivating African young pioneers in agricultural scientific research, and set up a number of China-Africa joint centers for modern agrotechnology exchange, demonstration and training in China.
3.1.9 The two sides will strengthen science and technology cooperation in areas such as sustainable agriculture, water-saving irrigation, grain loss reduction, and climate response in agriculture, and establish a China-Africa seed technology research and innovation platform and a joint research center for digital agriculture. China will invite African experts and scientific research personnel to China to receive education with academic degrees or engage in cooperative research programs, and support African countries to build up capacity in agricultural production technology and quarantine inspection of agro-products, in order to support Africa to improve its composite agricultural production capacity and better manage food security challenges in the post-pandemic era.
3.1.10 China will support market-based investment in Africa’s agricultural industry, support African countries in enhancing their capacity for independent agricultural development, and invest in grain and cash crop production projects in such forms as greenfield investment, equity participation, mergers and acquisitions, and leasing, in order to extend the scope of Chinese agricultural investment in Africa from planting to warehousing, logistics, processing, and international trade.
3.1.11 The African side commends China for providing the emergency food aid and assistance to some African countries affected by the locust plague, which reduced the food security pressure and alleviated the humanitarian crisis in these countries. China will continue to provide emergency humanitarian food assistance to African countries.
3.2 Infrastructure Development
3.2.1 Africa applauds China’s partnership and cooperation in Africa’s infrastructural development. Both sides note the persistent infrastructural gap in Africa and pledge to resolve the problem by encouraging and promoting innovative and favorable Chinese financial support in infrastructural projects in Africa over the next three years.The two sides, where applicable, will prioritize to create synergy between China-Africa infrastructural cooperation with the second Priority Action Plan of the programme in Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA-PAPII) and the Presidential Infrastructure Championing Initiative (PICI). The two sides will step up mutually beneficial cooperation in the planning, design, construction, operation, maintenance and good governance of infrastructure projects, in order to support African countries to continuously improve infrastructure.
3.2.2. China will continue to contribute to Africa’s infrastructure development following the principle of extensive consultation, joint contribution, shared benefits, no-harm and harmony, and support Chinese enterprises in contributing to the improvement and development of Africa’s infrastructure with advanced equipment, technologies, standards and services, promoting connectivity and providing innovative financing. China will undertake 10 connectivity assistance projects for Africa.
3.2.3 China and Africa will encourage Chinese enterprises to, through Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) and trilateral and multilateral cooperation, conduct connectivity and other projects in Africa, including those linked to the lntegrated High Speed Train Network, the Single African Air-Transport Market (SAATM), the Pan-African E-network and Cyber Security.
3.2.4 The two sides will explore promoting alignment and mutual recognition of green and sustainable development standards under the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), give full play to the BRI International Green Development Coalition to enhance cooperation in green technology research and energy-efficient buildings and facilities.
3.2.5 China encourages and supports competent Chinese enterprises to invest in African ports, airports and airlines. The African side welcomes such investment. Both sides support Chinese and African airlines and shipping companies in opening more flights and shipping services connecting China and Africa.
3.2.6 China encourages Chinese enterprises to use joint ventures with African partners, employ more local workers at all levels and use more local materials and manufactured products during the development and execution of infrastructure projects.
3.2.7 Both sides will deepen their commitment to increase the training of African professionals – including women – in all the domains that fall under infrastructure connectivity initiative in Africa, including the development and management of construction projects, the construction and operation of power projects, management of High Speed Train Networks, shipping, investment projects and finance resource management.
3.2.8 China supports Africa in developing the Single African Air Transport Market. The two sides will support each other in realizing the targets set for aviation market access, actively study the feasibility of concluding an agreement, and enhance cooperation in aviation market access.
3.2.9 China and Africa commit to further strengthening and expanding the civil aviation market in both Africa and China through market reforms, the transfer of aviation technology, capacity building and reiterates the proposal for the construction of an Africa-China civil aviation Academy in Africa, to meet ICAO standards and follow ICAO’s recommended practices, with a view to jointly advancing Africa’s regional aviation development.
3.2.10 The two sides will, in recognition of the strategic and far-reaching impact of information and communication technology (ICT) on economic and social development, enhance exchanges and cooperation, encourage and support their companies in participating and partnering in the building of ICT infrastructure including the optical fiber cable backbone network, cross-border connectivity, international undersea cable, new-generation mobile network, and data center, and carry out mutually beneficial cooperation in infrastructure construction, operation and services.
3.2.11 The two sides will deepen cooperation in the field of logistics, and harness modern ICT and enhance logistic information sharing, so as to jointly build African logistic infrastructure, and provide stable and smooth logistics services for China-Africa trade. The two sides will strengthen information exchange and technological cooperation, promote alignment of transportation infrastructure standards and mutual recognition of transport technologies and professional qualifications of management personnel.
3.2.12 The two sides recognize that global coordination and integration of radio frequency and satellite orbit resources are conducive to the in-depth information technology cooperation and the global development of relevant industries. Under the framework of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the two sides will enhance communication and cooperation in the field of radio spectrum management and actively coordinate their positions on topics of mutual interest in the World Radio communication Conference (WRC).
3.3 Industrial Partnership and Production Capacity Cooperation
3.3.1 Building on the industrial promotion initiative launched in 2018, and the China-Africa industrial plan and agricultural modernization plans launched in 2015, as well as from the African side the newly launched AfCFTA, the African Union’s continental ten-year plan frameworks in particular the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP), Africa Mining Vision (AMV) and Accelerated lndustrial Development for Africa (AIDA), China reiterates its commitment to seeing inclusive growth in Africa to achieve its aspiration to become the world’s third largest economy by 2063.
3.3.2 The two sides will make best use of industrial capacity cooperation mechanisms, continue to improve the cooperation mechanism featuring enterprises as the mainstay, market operation and government guidance, and draw on the complementarity of their development needs to promote upgrading of China-Africa cooperation projects to realize cluster, scale, industrialized and localized development, thus leveling up the productive capacity of African countries. China will undertake 10 industrialization and employment promotion assistance projects for Africa.
3.3.3 The two sides will take into account African countries’ disparity in natural endowments and industrial development levels, enhance production capacity cooperation in light of local realities in such fields of resource-intensive sectors (e.g., food, drink, tobacco, timber, building materials), labor-intensive sectors (e.g., textile, garment, leather, metal), technology- or capital-intensive sectors (e.g., pharmaceutical, chemical, automobile, machinery, equipment manufacturing, electronic, science and technology), and encourage enterprises to explore extending to emerging areas such as modern services, new energy development, green manufacturing, and information and communication sectors.
3.3.4 The two sides will continue to support Chinese enterprises in increasing investments in medium and high-technology manufacturing, energy and electricity, digital infrastructure development, digital economy and aviation and aerospace sectors, to help add to African countries’ foreign exchange reserves, facilitate technology transfer, remove supply chain bottlenecks and create more opportunities for diversified economic development of African countries.
3.3.5 The two sides will continue to support expansion of industrial chains in the mining industry, increase investment in smelt, processing and other upstream and downstream sectors of mining industry as well as electricity, transportation and other supporting infrastructure, launch mineral processing projects in African countries, and build resource-development cooperation zones to promote local industrial development and support translating resource endowments into advantages of economic development.
3.3.6 The two sides appreciate the role of economic cooperation zones in galvanizing and boosting industrial development, and will actively support its construction and development, and provide service and guidance for building and upgrading economic cooperation zones in Africa. China supports upgrading of economic cooperation zones in Africa to China-Africa demonstration areas for industrial and supply chains cooperation, and will continue to encourage Chinese enterprises to actively engage in construction, operation, and investment of economic and trade cooperation zones in Africa.
3.3.7 The two sides support enhancing policy guidance and information services to small and medium-sized enterprises, and encourage them to strengthen complementarity and carry out exchanges in transformation and upgrading of traditional manufacturing, inter-regional coordination and cooperation, and other areas. China would like to invite enterprises organized by African countries to international exhibitions including the China Small and Medium Enterprises Fair, to jointly promote exchanges and cooperation of enterprises from both sides.
3.3.8 The two sides agree to leverage a bigger role of the Corporate Social Responsibility Alliance of Chinese Companies in Africa to encourage Chinese enterprises to actively fulfill social responsibilities over community development, localized management, environmental protection, energy conservation and emission reduction, and public services. China encourages Chinese enterprises in Africa to level up localization and generate more job opportunities for the local people.
3.3.9 The two sides support more exchanges on the reform and development of state-owned assets and enterprises. The two sides will enhance experience sharing in state-owned assets regulation and management, encourage exploration and adoption of SOE reform path suited to the country’s development strategy and reality, and promote improvement of the management mechanism of state-owned enterprises to raise operational efficiency and better serve the needs of socio-economic development and people’s needs for a better life.
3.4 Investment and Economic Cooperation
3.4.1 The African side appreciates the important role of Chinese investments in boosting Africa’s industrial development and supporting Africa’s deeper integration into global and regional industrial and value chains. China will continue to encourage and support two-way investment. Both sides will continue to improve investment and cooperation mechanisms, strive to reduce investment barriers, and work together for the conclusion and upgrading of bilateral investment protection treaties, to deliver more favorable investment environment for both sides.
3.4.2 China will encourage its businesses to invest no less than 10 billion US dollars in Africa in the next three years and, in particular, expand investment in areas including manufacturing, agriculture, green economy and digital economy.
3.4.3 The two sides will make good use of China’s initiatives on cooperation with Africa and all relevant tools, fully leverage the role of the Investing in Africa Forum to enhance the sharing of development experience, and step up cooperation in production capacity, trade and investment. The two sides will share information about investment policies and opportunities, laws and regulations, economic development and cooperation areas. The two sides will give further play to the role of the Investing in Africa Think Tank Union in providing intellectual support to improve Africa’s investment environment and attract more investment in sectors of mutual interest.
3.4.4 China will establish a platform for China-Africa private investment promotion, and encourage Chinese businesses to invest in Africa, in the logistics and manufacturing sectors of existing and new free trade zones, industrial parks, and green industrial parks in particular, so as to help increase trade within Africa and Africa’s external trade including exports to the Chinese market, and to create a large number of jobs for African youths, including women.
3.4.5 China and Africa will also encourage the China-Africa Development Fund and the China- Africa Fund for Industrial Cooperation to support Chinese companies to invest in African firms and projects including Public Private Partnerships (PPPs).
3.4.6 Both sides will continue their practical cooperation in taxation. China will support African countries in improving tax collection and administration capacity through technology support and personnel training. Both sides will continue to negotiate, conclude and implement agreements on the avoidance of double taxation and resolve cross-border tax-related disputes, so as to create a favourable taxation environment for China-Africa trade and investment.
3.4.7 China will publish the Report on Chinese Investment in Africa on a regular basis, to release economic and trade data, analyze investment cases, review experience of China-Africa investment cooperation and put forward proposals for future cooperation, as a way to encourage Chinese enterprises to increase investment in Africa and support independent and sustainable development of Africa.
3.5.1 China supports African countries in promoting African products at such events as the China International Import Expo and the China Import and Export Fair, and will provide preferential and facilitating measures where necessary. China welcomes African countries’ efforts in holding trade promotion activities in China or online and support Africa in increasing its export to China.
3.5.2 The two sides attach importance to the role of the China-Africa Economic and Trade Expo as a national-level, comprehensive and international platform for cooperation and therefore will consider holding various trade events of the Expo in Africa. Both sides will pool the strengths of central and local governments, think tanks, enterprises, financial institutions, chambers of commerce, associations and other relevant parties to jointly promote the high-quality development of China-Africa practical cooperation.
3.5.3 China will provide 10 billion US dollars of trade finance to support African export, and build in China a pioneering zone for in-depth China-Africa trade and economic cooperation and a China-Africa industrial park for Belt and Road cooperation.
3.5.4 China and Africa agree to improve the competitiveness of African agricultural products,and will facilitate and expedite the entry of small scale agricultural producers into formal processing, marketing and distribution networks.
3.5.5 China and Africa will jointly study the possibility of establishing cooperation mechanisms including e-commerce, to actively promote trade facilitation, jointly advance paperless cross-border trade, promote expediting and simplifying processes for African agro-products to China through e-commerce, and promote unimpeded trade.
3.5.6 China will further expand the scope of duty-free products from LDCs with diplomatic relations with China and will continue to hold discussions with the African side on promoting China-Africa trade, in a bid to reach 300 billion US dollars in total imports from Africa in the next three years.
3.5.7 Both Sides encourage the launching of a process to increase the value in China of processed and manufactured African goods through the recognition of African geographical indications.
3.5.8 The two side will explore the possibility of establishing e-commerce hubs in Africa dedicated to African exports to China.
3.5.9 Both sides support developing marine-rail-combined transportation such as the “Sichuan-Europe-Africa Service”, to create new trade corridors for China-Africa international land and maritime logistics and trade, and level up two-way trade and logistics cooperation.
3.6 Customs and Market Supervision
3.6.1 China will strengthen communication and cooperation with African countries and the AU on competition policy, antitrust and preventing unfair competition, and set up bilateral and multilateral dialogue mechanisms on antitrust and prevention of unfair competition, to create an open, fair, just and non-discriminatory business environment for the high-quality common development of China and Africa.
3.6.2 The two sides will enhance exchanges and cooperation in the area of metrology, including weight, length and time frequency, to promote metrological policy and technology communication and technical exchanges, and strengthen mutual support and cooperation in international organizations concerning metrology.
3.6.3 The two sides are ready to enhance exchanges and cooperation on standardization, to promote the standardization capacity of African countries. The role of standard in “soft connectivity” will be leveraged in support of China-Africa trade.
3.6.4 The two sides will enhance information exchange in qualification assessment, increase transparency of policies and regulations, promote the establishment of cooperation mechanisms for qualification assessment, and enhance mutual recognition of qualification assessment results, to reduce the impact of technical trade measures on China-Africa trade.
3.6.5 China will actively provide capacity-building support for African countries in areas such as animal and plant quarantine, import and export food safety, and frontier health quarantine, to deepen cooperation in animal and plant quarantine and food safety, and help accelerate the development of trade in agricultural and food products including soybean, beef, nut, coffee, cocoa, and wine.
3.6.6 The two sides will continue to strengthen exchanges and cooperation between customs authorities. China will support African countries in improving customs management and modernization, expand cooperation with African customs authorities in areas of clearance facilitation, law enforcement and capacity building, and combat illegal and criminal activities including counterfeiting, the smuggling and illegal trafficking of items of cultural heritage and wildlife, infringement and business fraud, to promote the sound and smooth development of China-Africa trade.
3.7 Digital Economy
3.7.1 The two sides, recognizing the strategic and overarching impact of ICT on social and economic development aimed at poverty reduction, will enhance exchanges and cooperation between competent departments, share ICT development experience, jointly seize the opportunity of digital economy, and encourage cooperation between enterprises in such fields as ICT infrastructure, internet and digital economy.
3.7.2 The African side supports the Initiative on Jointly Building a China-Africa Community with a Shared Future in Cyberspace proposed by China. The two sides will formulate and implement the “China-Africa Digital Innovation Partnership Program”, actively discuss and promote cooperation on the application of emerging technologies such as in the fields of cloud computing, big data, artificial intelligence, internet of things, and mobile internet. China is ready to share experience with African countries on the building of smart cities.
3.7.3 China will undertake 10 digital economy assistance projects for Africa, support the development of African digital infrastructure, and continue to hold the China-Africa Digital Cooperation Forum and the China-Africa BDS Cooperation Forum.
3.7.4 China will work with Africa to improve the China-Africa technology transfer and innovation cooperation network, hold the China-Africa innovation cooperation and development forum, and support the development of China-Africa joint laboratories, partner institutes, and scientific and technological innovation cooperation bases.
3.7.5 China is ready to enhance communication and exchanges with governments of African countries and organizations like “Smart Africa”, to boost the innovative development of digital technology in Africa and China-Africa digital cooperation. The two sides will enhance cooperation in the ITU, WRC and other international organizations, and promote coordination on personnel training, internet connectivity, and innovation center building, among others. The two sides will carry out strategic consultation on ICT policies and development, to make joint efforts to narrow down the digital gap for Africa and promote the building of information society in Africa.
3.7.6 China will work with African countries to expand Silk Road e-commerce cooperation, jointly formulate a China-Africa inclusive development plan for e-commerce, hold online shopping festivals featuring quality African products and tourism e-commerce promotion activities, and launch a campaign to market a hundred African stores and a thousand African products on e-commerce platforms. The two sides will enhance policy communication and information sharing in digital economy, conduct capacity building cooperation, share experience on the use of e-commerce for poverty reduction, elevate digital capacity of SMEs, and share digital economy dividends.
3.8.1 China will continue to provide concessional loans and other financial support to African countries. Loans will be offered on a more concessional basis and innovative ways of financing will be explored, to support Africa’s infrastructure development, energy and resources development, agriculture, manufacturing and the comprehensive development of the whole industrial chain of Africa.
3.8.2 On the basis of observing multilateral rules and procedures, China will support African countries in making even better use of resources from the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, the New Development Bank, the Silk Road Fund the China-Africa special fund for development financing and the special Loan for the Development of African SMEs, further broaden and optimize financing channels for Africa, and support the development of African SMEs through accessible and affordable loans. China will provide 10 billion US dollars in credit line to African financial institutions and support the development of small and medium-sized African enterprises on a priority basis.
3.8.3 The two sides acknowledge the role of the China-Africa Financial Cooperation Consortium in promoting trade, production capacity cooperation and infrastructure development. The two sides encourage deeper cooperation between financial institutions, investment funds and multilateral financial institutions from both sides, to scale up support for China-Africa production capacity cooperation, support the industrialization of Africa and provide more diversified financing packages for African countries. The two sides call on more institutional investors who tend to make long-term investments such as insurance companies and sovereign wealth funds to give more attention to China-Africa cooperation projects.
3.8.4 China will deepen cooperation with regional and sub-regional development financial institutions including the African Development Bank, the African Export-Import Bank, the Eastern and Southern African Trade and Development Bank and the West African Development Bank, and make good use of joint financing facilities such as the Africa Growing Together Fund (AGTF), to support projects in areas of infrastructure, agricultural development and industrial cooperation.
3.8.5 China welcomes the issuance of panda bond by eligible African sovereign, multilateral and financial institutions in the Chinese bond market to contribute to diversifying the financing channels for African market entities. China will work for greater convenience for African countries who hold RMB as a reserve currency.
3.8.6 The two sides support the RMB offshore market development in Africa, and will encourage provision of custody bond service by Chinese commercial banks in Africa for local investors, and support those banks in bringing into full play their role as RMB clearing banks in Africa to meet the growing demands for the use of RMB in China-Africa trade and investment. China will establish a China-Africa cross-border RMB center, and welcomes African countries and financial institutions to issue RMB bonds in China.
3.8.7 The two sides will continue to encourage and support their financial institutions, in accordance with respective laws, regulations and prudential supervisory rules, in strengthening mutually beneficial cooperation through investment, joint ventures or other means, and providing diversified and inclusive financial services. The network of financial institutions and services of both sides will be improved to facilitate trade and investment.
3.8.8 The African side applauds China’s positive contribution to supporting African countries to address debt vulnerability through its full implementation of the G20 Debt Service Suspension Initiative (DSSI). China will observe the G20 agreement in its management of debt-related issues and provide support for African countries in difficulties. China and Africa urge other official bilateral creditors, commercial creditors, and multilateral development banks to take the same concrete action.
3.8.9 China encourages its financial institutions to, on the basis of market-oriented principles, make independent decisions on additional financing to African countries. China is ready to channel to African countries 10 billion US dollars from its share of the IMF’s new allocation of SDR. China calls on the IMF and the World Bank to take into account the new situation and reform their respective lending approval procedures in ways that are more adapted to the reality of African countries, so as to support more efficient access of African countries to development financing.
3.8.10 China will continue to enhance cooperation with African financial regulators in such fields as banknote printing and minting, and combating money laundering and financing of terrorism, to safeguard the stable and healthy operation and development of Chinese and African financial systems.
3.8.11 China notes with appreciation that the Africa Development Bank has become a major institution for the financing and implementation of Agenda 2063 of the AU and an important platform for policy coordination among African countries. China welcomes the efforts of international financial institutions including the Africa Development Bank to make active use of the Multilateral Cooperation Center for Development Finance (MCDF) to enhance information sharing, support early-stage project preparations and strengthen capacity building. China will encourage the China-IMF Capacity Development Center and IMF regional capacity development centers to play a bigger role in providing technical assistance for Africa.
4. Social Development Cooperation
4.1 Development Cooperation
4.1.1 The African side commends China for its long-standing commitment to development cooperation with Africa in the spirit of equality, mutual trust, mutual benefits, solidarity and mutual support, and provision of assistance to African countries and people to the best of its abilities without any political strings attached. Guided by the vision of a community with a shared future for mankind, China will continue to uphold justice while pursuing shared interests, increase assistance to African countries, LDCs in particular, and support African countries in achieving development benefiting their peoples with sustainable prosperity and welfare.
4.1.2 The African side applauds China’s efforts in supporting African countries to reduce poverty, improve people’s lives, expand employment, remove development bottlenecks and implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in ways of complete projects, provision of goods, technical cooperation, human resources development, setting up the Assistance Fund for South-South Cooperation and sending medical teams, among others. China will continue to share more of its development experience with Africa, further diversify cooperation methods, improve efficiency, carry out more livelihood-related projects, and support African countries in tapping into their growth potential to better realize Agenda 2063 of the AU.
4.1.3 China will, in light of the actual needs and conditions of the African side, continue to offer grants, interest-free loans and concessional loans to Africa. China calls for stronger actions by all relevant parties of the international community to ease the debt burden of African countries and effectively support them to achieve independent and sustainable development. China will exmpt African LDCs from debt incurred in the form of interest-free government loans due by the end of 2021 for the least developed countries.
4.2 Medical Care and Public Health
4.2.1 China appreciates Africa’s support in various forms for China’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The African side commends China for taking the lead to provide Africa with anti-COVID-19 supplies and vaccines, starting ahead of schedule the construction of the Africa CDC headquarters, and sending medical expert teams to share experience in fighting the disease.
4.2.2 The two sides will continue to strengthen health exchanges at various levels, carry out regular policy dialogues and technological exchanges on health, so as to build a China-Africa community of health for all. Both sides will continue to hold the Ministerial Forum on China-Africa Health Cooperation as a sub-forum under the FOCAC framework.
4.2.3 China will continue to scale up medical assistance to African countries and step up cooperation with Africa on COVID-19 prevention and control. China will support African countries in building national public health institutions, and will carry out information sharing and technical cooperation on public health, and support Africa in comprehensively improving its health situation, strengthen its capacity for self-reliant development, and build a more responsive public health system. China will provide African countries with technical support for strengthening health-related capacities under the International Health Regulations (2005), and jointly safeguard global public health security.
4.2.4 In light of Africa’s COVID-19 situation and its lack of access to COVID-19 vaccines, China commits to supply vaccines to Africa through bilateral and multilateral channels, including the Africa Vaccine Acquisition Task Team (AVATT) over the next three years and support African countries to improve their vaccine production, storage and delivery capacities. China will provide another one billion doses of vaccines to Africa, including 600 million doses as donation and 400 million doses to be provided through such means as joint production by Chinese companies and relevant African countries. Africa welcomes China’s support to the waiver of intellectual property rights of their COVID-19 vaccines and encourages others to do so.
4.2.5 China and Africa will increase cooperation on strengthening the capacities of local drug production including the development of the pharmaceutical manufacturing industry and the improvement of medical products regulatory systems. China will help accelerate the establishment of the African Medicines Agency (AMA) and support the African Medicines Regulation and Harmonization (AMRH) program to improve the effectiveness of the medical products regulatory systems.
4.2.6 China will complete the construction of the Africa CDC headquarters, undertake 10 medical and health assistance projects for African countries, and speed up the building of China-Africa Friendship Hospitals. China supports African hospitals in developing specialized departments, cultivating more health professionals, improving hospital facilities and carrying out all-round academic and technical exchanges and cooperation in the areas of medical teaching and research. China supports African countries in improving health services and hospital management.
4.2.7 In support of the Catalytic Framework to End AIDS, TB and Eliminate Malaria in Africa by 2030, China will continue to carry out anti-malaria projects and share anti-malaria success experience with African countries, and to reach the goal of global malaria control and elimination program with the international community. China will assist Africa to halt and reverse the double burden of communicable (HIV, TB, Malaria and Schistosomiasis) and non-communicable (cancer and cardiovascular diseases) diseases through enhanced bilateral and multilateral collaboration, sharing of best practices and support to identified priority program. China will help Africa reduce the maternal and infant mortality rates, improve the survival and health of pregnant and postnatal women and newborns, and support African countries in meeting the UN SDGs at an early date.
4.2.8 China will use the Belt and Road Demonstration and Training Platform on Health Cooperation to share its best practices and appropriate technologies in such areas as maternal and infant health, public health, hospital management and screening exams through online and offline exchanges and training, so as to support African countries to enhance the service capacity of their health systems, make basic health services more accessible, and promote the realization of full health coverage of the African people.
4.2.9 The two sides will enhance cooperation on drug supervision, support Africa’s efforts to improve its public health testing capabilities, and encourage Chinese enterprises to cooperate with African countries in such areas as COVID-19 testing and setting up testing centers.
4.2.10 China encourages and supports Chinese enterprises’ medical and pharmaceutical cooperation with Africa, supports the two sides’ cooperation in traditional medicine, encourages traditional medicine to be included into the prevention and treatment of major infectious diseases including COVID-19 and malaria.
4.2.11 China will send 1,500 medical personnel and public health experts to Africa, continue to provide mobile medical services for the treatment of cataract and heart disease, and build a training platform for China-Africa health cooperation.
4.3 Education and Human Resources
4.3.1 Africa commends China’s support in providing qualitative education for Africans through government scholarships and trainings. China and Africa will deepen their cooperation in capacity building; promote technology transfer; enhance technical training for youth, especially for specialized personnel.
4.3.2 The African side highly commends Luban Workshops and other vocational training programs launched by China in Africa, and appreciates China’s support in such areas as materials and equipment, technical guidance, teaching workforce and personnel training. The two sides will expand cooperation in such areas as employment, vocational training and social security, implement the “Future of Africa” China-Africa Vocational Education Cooperation Plan, start an “Employment Through Train” scheme for African students in China, and hold a China-Africa Education Ministers’ Forum. China will continue to provide short-term seminars and training opportunities to African countries, continue to work with African countries to set up “Luban Workshops”, and encourage and support the efforts of Chinese enterprises to carry out vocational training in African countries. China will encourage Chinese companies in Africa to offer at least 800,000 local jobs.
4.3.3 China will implement a plan for cultivating talents for China and Africa in the post-COVID era, build or upgrade 10 schools in Africa, and invite 10,000 high-level African professionals to seminars and workshops.
4.3.4 Under the Chinese government scholarship programs, China will continue to train professionals in relevant fields. The two sides will actively explore setting up a China-Africa joint R&D center or lab for road engineering.
4.3.5 The two sides will make joint efforts to further improve training programs with the view to align the programs to current developmental priorities of African countries.
4.3.6 China and Africa will foster new projects on capacity building in poverty reduction, rural revitalization, lCT, fintech, digital economy, e-commerce, cloud computing, big data and cyberspace security in order to leverage relevant impact on the high potential growth of these sectors in Africa, with a special emphasis on womens’ participation.
4.3.7 The two sides will continue to support the development of Confucius Institutes and Classrooms in Africa. China welcomes the inclusion of the Chinese language into African countries’ national curriculum, and will further support Chinese language teaching in Africa through various ways. China will further provide teaching and training of African languages in China, and nurture more professionals who are fluent in African languages.
4.3.8 Phase III of the UNESCO-China Funds-in-Trust has been successfully launched and made notable achievements. The two sides will continue to implement the project and will consider extending it for another 4 years (2023-2026).
4.3.9 China will work with Africa to launch experts exchange programs and joint research projects on R&D cooperation; software development; policy planning, monitoring and evaluation. The two sides will design new models of training in designated African countries and maximize their effect in the end user socio- economic contexts.
4.4 Cooperation and Exchanges on Poverty Reduction and Rural Development
4.4.1 The African side highly commends China’s historic achievements in eliminating absolute poverty. China will work with Africa to actively build a poverty reduction and development partner alliance, and rally the extensive participation of Chinese and African businesses, social organizations, research institutes and other parties in China-Africa cooperation on poverty reduction and rural development. The two sides will work to gradually establish multi-tiered dialogue mechanisms for poverty reduction and rural development between the two governments and societies.
4.4.2 China will continue to support the poverty reduction and rural development efforts of Africa to help deliver a better and happier life to African people. China will undertake 10 poverty reduction and agricultural assistance projects for Africa, encourage Chinese institutions and companies to build in Africa demonstration villages for China-Africa cooperation on agricultural development and poverty reduction, support the Alliance of Chinese Companies in Africa for Corporate Social Responsibilities in launching the initiative of “a Hundred Companies in a Thousand Villages” and actively carry out poverty alleviation cooperation for public benefit.
4.4.3 China will continue to organize activities such as the China-Africa Poverty Reduction and Development Conference and the China-Africa Youth Exchange Program on Poverty Reduction and Development, and will continue to organize workshops on policies on poverty reduction and rural development tailored to the needs of African countries.
4.5 Science and Technology Cooperation and Knowledge Sharing
4.5.1 The two sides will enhance synergy between strategies and policies on scientific and technological innovation, jointly implement the Belt and Road Science, Technology and Innovation Cooperation Action Plan and the China-Africa Science and Technology Partnership Program 2.0, promote cooperation on technology-supported poverty reduction, and fully leverage scientific and technological innovation to underpin and guide the sustainable economic and social development of China and Africa.
4.5.2 The two sides will jointly build a multi-tiered system for scientific, technological and people-to-people exchanges. China welcomes the participation of African scientific professionals in the “International Outstanding Young Scientists Exchange Program” and the “Innovative Talent Exchange Project”. China will carry out the “Africa Young Scientists in China” Program and provide African countries with training on readily applicable technology and science management.
4.5.3 The two sides will use the China-Africa Innovation Cooperation Center in Wuhan to jointly carry out cooperation activities on technology transfer and innovation and entrepreneurship. Both sides support young Chinese and Africans in sharing innovation outcomes and promoting mutual development.
4.5.4 The two sides will make full use of the China-Africa Joint Research Center, and support this platform in playing a continued exemplary role in such areas as modern agriculture, biodiversity, eco-environmental protection, and public health.
4.5.5 The two sides acknowledge that in today’s world, aerospace is one of the most important high-tech sector. The two sides will enhance cooperation on space technology, promote Africa’s space technology application and infrastructure development, and use the space industry to drive social development and improve people’s living standards.
4.5.6 The AU and the China National Space Administration will jointly explore and release the White Paper on China-Africa Space Cooperation to identify key areas and directions for cooperation. China will use space technology to enhance cooperation with African countries in such areas as scientific and technological development, poverty and hunger elimination, promotion of social security, disaster prevention and relief, climate change, and eco-environmental protection.
4.5.7 The two sides will actively work for the establishment of a sub-forum on China-Africa space cooperation under the FOCAC framework. Both sides will focus on supporting projects concerning satellite remote sensing, communications satellite and space city building, in an effort to drive the development of the space industry of African countries. China will set up centers for China-Africa cooperation on satellite remote sensing application.
4.5.8 China will train specialized aerospace professionals for African countries, and promote aerospace capacity building of African countries. The two sides will fully leverage the role of the UN-affiliated Regional Centers for Space Science and Technology Education in China, Nigeria and Morocco, as well as African Union Space Agency headquartered in Egypt and make good use of the Belt and Road Aerospace Innovation Alliance to promote exchanges and cooperation between Chinese and African universities, work to build a regional development center of the Belt and Road Aerospace Innovation Alliance in Africa, and contribute to the training and education of aerospace professionals in Africa.
4.5.9 The two sides support the CubeSat Middle School Student Science Project. The two sides will set up a China-Africa youth space alliance as a platform for space exchanges between Chinese and African middle school students, and explore new ways of science popularization in China-Africa space cooperation, so as to lay the foundation for realizing the development vision of emerging space countries in Africa.
4.5.10 The two sides will enhance communication and cooperation on platforms such as the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space to jointly promote international space cooperation and global space governance that are fair and reasonable and take into account the special needs of developing countries.
4.5.11 The two sides acknowledge that nuclear technologies play an important role in economic and social development. China will continue to leverage the Chinese Government Atomic Energy Scholarship Program and existing cooperation platforms between the two sides to continue to deepen mutually beneficial cooperation between China and Africa in such areas as nuclear science research, nuclear personnel training, nuclear technology application and nuclear power project development, and jointly tackle challenges including climate change, energy supply, food security, health, and protection of water resources.
4.6 Cyber Security Cooperation
4.6.1 The African side shares the vision of a community with a shared future in cyberspace put forward by China, and supports the Initiative on Jointly Building a Community with a Shared Future in Cyberspace. Africa takes due note of and will further positively consider the Global Initiative on Data Security launched by China. We stand ready to build on this Initiative to advance the formulation of global digital governance rules, and call on the international community to jointly build a peaceful, secure, open, cooperative and orderly cyberspace and a community with a shared future in cyberspace.
4.6.2 The two sides are fully aware of the strategic impact of data as a key factor in economic and social development, and encourage businesses to cooperate in such areas as development and utilization of data security products, data governance and personal privacy protection. Businesses are required to respect local laws and not to use their products or services to illegally obtain user data. Both sides oppose using information technology to carry out large-scale surveillance against other countries. China will work with African countries in the spirit of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits to promote data security.
4.6.3 China will actively support Africa’s capacity building on cyber security and work with Africa to carry out activities such as seminars and training on cyber security emergency response, so as to enhance Africa’s preparedness and coordination in the event of cyber security incidents.
4.6.4 The two sides will jointly expand practical cooperation in the internet domain, strengthen dialogue and exchanges on internet laws and regulations, continue to increase common understandings and mutual trust concerning the rule of law, and jointly work for the improvement and development of relevant legal systems.
4.6.5 The two sides acknowledge that cyber crime is a common challenge facing all countries and that the United Nations should continue to play an important role in facilitating international cooperation on combating cyber crime. The two sides support the work of the UN Ad Hoc Committee to Elaborate a Comprehensive International Convention on Countering the Use of ICTs for Criminal Purposes and will work to conclude a universal and authoritative international legal instrument at an early date.
5. Cultural and People-to-People Exchanges
5.1.1 China will continue to advance tourism cooperation with Africa, and will support making all African countries having diplomatic ties with China as approved destinations for Chinese tourist groups to contribute to the revitalization of Africa’s tourism industry. Africa supports China’s participation in the international tourism exhibitions organized by Africa. China welcomes more African countries to participate in large international tourism exhibitions such as the China International Travel Mart, and will hold seminars on China-Africa tourism cooperation, with a view to building platforms for experience sharing, products promotion and business negotiations. China will increasingly spotlight Africa on Chinese media.
5.1.2 China will carry out the China-African Culture and Tourism Training Cooperation Plan in both online and offline formats, continue to advance human resources training for Africa, and assist Africa in strengthening capacity building for tourism.
5.1.3 The two sides encourage governments to carry out exchanges and cooperation on tourism, increase mutual visits, and step up the sharing of information and experience regarding tourism development through various channels. The two sides will work to resume development of the tourism industry after COVID-19 and both sides commit to the holding of an annual African travel fair in China with a view to promoting Destination Africa to the Chinese tourists.
5.1.4 . China will encourage more Chinese nationals to travel to Africa, and Africa will provide more suitable tourism products and a safer tourism environment.
5.2.1 The two sides are committed to advancing China-Africa cultural exchanges and mutual learning, with a view to contributing to equal-footed dialogue among civilizations, cultural diversity in the world, and peace and development of mankind. Both sides encourage and support dialogues on culture and thinking between the two sides and will promote exchanges and cooperation between Chinese and African research institutes.
5.2.2 The two sides will maintain the momentum of government visits and dialogues and implement plans of intergovernmental cultural agreements. Both sides will step up sub-national exchanges and build cultural exchanges and cooperation mechanisms through sister cities. Both sides will promote people-to-people exchanges and cooperation between China and Africa, and develop flagship exchange programs.
5.2.3 China will continue to carry out flagship exchange activities such as the Happy Spring Festival and the China-Africa Cultural Focus, support mutual visits of Chinese and African art troupes and organizations, and take part in international art festivals held in China and Africa.
5.2.4 The two sides encourage the strengthening of cultural exchanges and cooperation under the framework of Belt and Road cooperation, as a way to enhance the bond between Chinese and African people. China welcomes African cultural institutions’ participation in cooperation mechanisms such as the Silk Road International League of Theaters, the Silk Road International Museum Alliance, the Network of Silk Road Art Festivals, the Silk Road International Library Alliance and the Silk Road International Art Museum and Gallery Alliance, and their visits to China for activities such as the Silk Road International Arts Festival, the Maritime Silk Road International Arts Festival and the Silk Road (Dunhuang) International Culture Expo, with a view to jointly creating flagship exchange activities such as the Silk Road Cultural Tour.
5.2.5 The two sides will continue to explore cooperation in the cultural industry, and encourage and support the efforts of governments and business communities to step up exchanges and cooperation in the cultural industry and trade.
5.2.6 The two sides will continue to open more culture centers in China and Africa, and build more permanent platforms for the sustainable development of cultural exchanges and cooperation between China and Africa.
5.2.7 The two sides will encourage and support cultural heritage exchanges and cooperation including joint archaeological studies, protection and restoration of historical sites, museum exhibitions, world cultural heritage, personnel training and capacity building. Both sides will encourage and support joint efforts in combating illegal cultural property trade through information sharing, personnel training and other means, and facilitate the return of stolen or illegally excavated or traded cultural property to the country of origin.
5.3 Press and Media
5.3.1 The two sides will actively promote exchanges and cooperation in the field of press and publication, and continue to strengthen publication cooperation in the areas of education, agriculture, culture, ecology, health care, children’s books and on other related themes. Through co-production of programs and mutual visits of media personnel, both sides will actively introduce development and changes in the economic, cultural, social and other fields in China and Africa, so as to promote mutual understanding and enhance the bond between the people.
5.3.2 China will continue to strengthen exchanges of film and TV programs, hold African film festivals in China and Chinese film festivals in Africa, and support introducing more African film and TV programs into China.
5.3.3 China will continue to implement training and capacity building programs for African media practitioners, help African countries train high-caliber professionals in news, broadcasting and television, and tourism, hold in due course training and capacity building seminars for African countries’ media officials and journalists, promote more exchanges between Chinese and African media personnel, support the capacity building of radio and television media in Africa, promote the integrated development of African media, and advance practical media cooperation between China and Africa.
5.4 Academia and Think Tanks
5.4.1 The two sides believe that the upgraded China-Africa Joint Research and Exchange Plan has effectively strengthened cooperation and exchanges between Chinese and African scholars and think tanks, and provided strong academic support to China-Africa cooperation. China will further increase support to help African universities and think tanks hold seminars and carry out research projects, continue to implement the China-Africa University 20+20 Cooperation Plan and the China-Africa Think Tank 10+10 Partnership Plan, and strengthen joint research and exchanges between Chinese and African think tanks.
5.4.2 The two sides will continue to hold the China-Africa Think Tanks Forum, support long-term, stable cooperation between Chinese and African academic communities, encourage the Forum and relevant institutions to conduct joint researches, and provide intellectual support to China-Africa cooperation.
5.4.3 The two sides will continue to make good use of the China-Africa Institute to enhance mutual learning between civilizations. The two sides welcome and encourage their businesses and financial and academic institutions to provide support for academic, people-to-people and cultural exchanges between China and Africa.
5.4.4 The two sides will continue to support the development of the Belt and Road African Studies Alliance, conduct cooperation on scientific research digitization, strengthen cooperation on theoretical innovation and decision-making research, promote academic exchanges and the commercialization of scientific research results, and advance exchanges and mutual learning of development experience.
5.5 Sub-national and People-to-People Exchanges
5.5.1 China will encourage sub-national and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to utilize existing resources and strengths, taking into account the circumstances of different fields, countries and projects, actively participate in practical cooperation with Africa, gradually achieve the diversification of cooperation models, and further enhance the comprehensive effect of practical cooperation with Africa.
5.5.2 The two sides value the positive role of the China-Africa People’s Forum in enhancing people-to-people exchanges, friendship between the two peoples and cooperation concerning people’s livelihood, and encourage and support more practical exchanges and cooperation between Chinese and African NGOs on people’s well-being.
5.5.3 China welcomes African Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) to join the Silk Road NGO Cooperation Network and the Silk Road Community Building Initiative, step up people-to-people exchanges and livelihood cooperation, and contribute to stronger people-to-people connectivity between China and Africa under the Belt and Road Initiative.
5.5.4 The two sides attach importance to tapping into the role of the China-Africa Friendship Organization Leaders Meeting, and will further promote practical exchanges between Chinese and African friendship organizations.
5.5.5 Both Sides welcome the increased people-to-people exchanges through trade and recommend the strengthening of these contacts. China and Africa would like to cement the popular support of Sino-African friendship through the commemoration of the anniversary of FOCAC.
5.5.6 The two sides encourage their labor unions to continue to deepen exchanges and advance cooperation through means including video conference, material assistance, information sharing, mutual visits, seminars and personnel training.
5.5.7 China and Africa will support cooperation and exchanges in the field of sports and strengthen partnership in supporting their mutual events.
5.6 Youth and Women
5.6.1 The two sides encourage and support cooperation and exchanges in the field of youth, and will continue to promote volunteering and youth development programs. The two sides take note of the success of the first China-Africa Future Leaders Dialogue, which has served as a platform for in-depth dialogue between Chinese and African youth. The two sides support holding the event on a regular basis.
5.6.2 China will hold a China-Africa youth services forum, and a China-Africa women’s forum. The two sides will continue to advance the building of the China-Africa Young Leaders Forum and other mechanisms, and deepen exchanges and cooperation between Chinese and African young leaders.
5.6.3 The two sides will strengthen exchanges and cooperation in gender equality and women empowerment, and encourage and support high-level woman’s dialogue, seminars, capacity building and exchanges among women entrepreneurs. The two sides will continue to deepen practical cooperation in women-related issues between China and Africa, carry out a batch of small-sized material assistance and skills training programs in this field, support women to emerge from the impact of COVID-19, and jointly promote well-rounded development of women and girls .
5.6.4 China will continue to enhance exchanges and cooperation with Africa in the area of people with disabilities, and jointly conduct practical cooperation programs in such areas as rehabilitation, education and employment.
5.6.5 China will hold workshops for women from African political parties and arrange for female foreign diplomats to visit different parts of China to further strengthen dialogue and cooperation with women officials in African countries.
6. Peace and Security Cooperation
6.1 Military, Police, Counter-terrorism and Law Enforcement
6.1.1 China and Africa underscore that peace and security in Africa remains an important part of their cooperation, and the two sides will continue to strengthen the implementation of the China-Africa peace and security plan; support the building of the African Peace and Security Architecture, the African Standby Force as well as bolster Africa’s capacity to rapidly respond to crises. The two sides will lay emphasis on defense military capabilities, actively conduct exchanges and cooperation in such fields as military education, military training, military medicine, logistics support, and maritime security, and hold exchanges and dialogues on military medicine.
6.1.2 Both sides will enhance cooperation under the framework of the UN, actively participate in UN peacekeeping missions in Africa, strengthen exchanges on peacekeeping policies and skills, and support Africa’s capacity building for independent peacekeeping missions.
6.1.3 China and Africa will continue o support African capacity building, and advance the implementation of new measures for the China-Africa Peace and Security Plan, to fill the gap between the mandate and the capacities of African forces. China will undertake 10 peace and security assistance projects for Africa, continue to deliver military assistance to the African Union, support African countries’ efforts to independently maintain regional security and fight terrorism, and conduct joint exercises and on-site training between Chinese and African peacekeeping troops and cooperation on small arms and light weapons control.
6.1.4 ln the spirit of the outcomes of the “China-Africa Dialogue on Peace and Security” held in Addis-Ababa in February 2019, both sides will continue to hold ”China Africa Forum on Peace and Security” to strengthen exchanges in Peace and security issues. While continuing the training of African defense officers in China, the two sides will discuss the possibility of designing training sessions in Africa. The two sides will enhance communication and coordination at the UN Security Council, and step up mutual support for the implementation of the “Silencing the Guns ” to eradicate conflict in Africa and support the Africa Peace and Security Framework.
6.1.5 China will work with Africa to establish a China-Africa police cooperation mechanism, and deepen law-enforcement capacity building, security cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative, and cooperation on small arms and light weapons control. China and Africa will further strengthen exchanges between police personnel at various levels and encourage local police departments of the two sides to establish cooperative relations and strengthen experience sharing and cooperation in combating crimes, capacity building and other areas.
6.1.6 The two sides will deepen counter-terrorism cooperation, strengthen intelligence sharing, investigation collaboration and coordination of actions in cracking down on international terrorist organizations. The two sides will strengthen practical cooperation in areas including combating crimes that infringe upon the safety of life, COVID-related crimes, smuggling and trafficking of wildlife, narcotics control, cyber security, community policing, fugitives’ repatriation and asset recovery.
6.1.7 China will continue to provide law-enforcement training programs according to the needs of African police departments, and will continue to provide police equipment assistance to African police departments to the best of its abilities.
6.1.8 China will strengthen cooperation with African Union Mechanism for Police Cooperation (Afripol) The two sides agree to coordinate positions and actions, step up intelligence sharing and investigation collaboration under the framework of Interpol, regional cooperation mechanisms and bilateral arrangements.
6.1.9 China and Africa agree to mutually support and promote more police training, including of women, through formalized engagement with the Afripol.
6.1.10 China and Africa commit to cooperating in combating illegal transfer and abuse of small arms, light weapons and ammunition, and would like to engage in exchanges of policy and experience,andpragmatic cooperation in identifying, tracing and the management of end users of small arms,light weapons and ammunition. .
6.2 Anti-corruption, Consular Affairs, Immigration and Judiciary
6.2.1 The two sides will step up anti-corruption cooperation, make full use of the UN Convention against Corruption and other existing international legal instruments for cooperation on a case-by-case basis in fugitive’s repatriation and asset recovery, and will be more flexible in such cooperation within the extent of domestic laws.
6.2.2 The two sides will continue to exchange high-level visits between competent anti-corruption authorities, strengthen exchanges and cooperation in judicial, law enforcement and legislative areas, improve cooperation mechanisms for extradition, legal assistance and asset recovery, and accelerate the signing of extradition treaties, treaties on mutual legal assistance in criminal matters and other relevant agreements.
6.2.3 The two sides will strengthen coordination and cooperation under the UN and other multilateral and bilateral mechanisms, work together to advocate a new global order in anti-corruption, and call for stronger actions by the international community to forestall and fight corruption.
6.2.4 The two sides will step up consular cooperation and exchanges, and further facilitate personnel, business and student exchanges in the post- COVID era. China and Africa will work together to strengthen the welfare and protections of their nationals and properties in each other’s countries. Both sides agree, on a reciprocal basis, to streamline visa application formalities for business people.
6.2.5 The two sides will continue to strengthen exchanges and cooperation in law-based governance, enhance mutual trust and exchanges in this respect, provide legal support and guarantee for Belt and Road international cooperation, and work together to improve the existing international legal system.
6.2.6 The two sides will continue to improve the mechanism of the FOCAC Law-based Governance Forum, and increase its influence and efficacy. China will strengthen legal exchanges and coordination with regional and sub-regional organizations in Africa. The two sides will hold the Conference on Legal Risks and Countermeasures of International Investment and Trade, promote the establishment of a legal research platform for African laws, and increase support for the exchange program of legal personnel between China and Africa. The two sides will continue to improve the China-Africa joint arbitration mechanism, and promote the development of the China-Africa Joint Arbitration Center and enhance its international influence.
6.2.7 The two sides will support holding a China-Africa Forum of Law School Deans, encourage and assist Chinese and African universities in jointly building China-Africa legal research centers and training bases for legal professionals, and increase research on legal systems related to cooperation between China and Africa on the Belt and Road Initiative as well as on digital economy, smart cities, clean energy, 5G and other new business forms.
7. Green Development
7.1 Ecological Protection and Climate Response
7.1.1 The two sides are both committed to establishing and improving an economic system for green, low-carbon and circular development, actively participating in global environmental governance, and jointly tackling climate change. The two sides will continue to strengthen exchanges and cooperation on ecological protection, maritime cooperation, desertification prevention and treatment, and the protection of wildlife.
7.1.2 The two sides will support tapping into the role of the China-Africa Environmental Cooperation Center, and advance environmental cooperation through, among others, more policy exchanges and dialogue, closer exchanges and cooperation on environmental industry and technological information, and joint research on environmental issues. China will establish a China-Africa marine science and blue economy cooperation center.
7.1.3 China will undertake 10 green development, environmental protection and climate action assistance projects for Africa, and support the development of the Great Green Wall.
7.1.4 China will work with Africa to continue to implement the China-Africa Green Envoys Program, the China-Africa Green Innovation Program and others, build low-carbon demonstration zones and climate adaptation demonstration zones in Africa, set up a China-Africa geoscience cooperation center, establish capacity building partnerships in such areas as climate response, biodiversity conservation, pollution prevention and control, and sustainable infrastructure, and help ensure that the outcomes of China-Africa cooperation on green and low-carbon development benefit the lives of people in the region.
7.1.5 China will continue to deepen practical cooperation with African countries under the framework of South-South cooperation on climate change and the Belt and Road Initiative as well as support African countries to strengthen climate change response so that the two sides can jointly tackle the global challenge of climate change. China supports the African Agriculture Adaptation (AAA) and Sustainability Stability and Security (SSS) initiatives.
7.1.6 The two sides will carry out in-depth cooperation on the application of satellite remote-sensing technology in the field of natural resources. China will propose satellite remote-sensing Cloud services to more African countries.
7.1.7 The two sides will enhance cooperation on wildlife protection and support improving protection capacity of African countries. The two sides will strengthen capacity building of wildlife conservation professionals, and explore cooperation on wildlife protection demonstration projects. The two sides will work to raise public awareness, jointly combat illegal trade of wildlife, and incentivize those who have made outstanding contributions in anti-poaching and combating the illegal trade of wildlife. The two sides will establish an anti-smuggling cooperation mechanism to crack down on the crimes of smuggling endangered wildlife and their products.
7.1.8 The two sides will continue cooperation on desertification prevention and treatment. China will, according to the needs of Africa, strengthen mutual learning with Africa through means including expert exchanges and field demonstrations, so as to jointly improve the level of desertification prevention and treatment. China will continue to deepen cooperation with Sub-Saharan African countries in prevention and control of damage related to desertification and industrial development.
7.1.9 The two sides will continue to advance the building of the China-Africa Bamboo Center and actively support Africa’s capacity building in the sustainable management of bamboo and rattan resources, the innovative development of bamboo and rattan industries, the development of their products and poverty alleviation, and relevant industrial policy and standardization. The two sides will work to carry out international bamboo and rattan demonstration projects and improve Africa’s ability to utilize rattan and bamboo resources in a sustainable way and to develop modern bamboo and rattan industries.
7.1.10 The two sides will establish green protected areas and engage in cooperation on their preservation, improve management capacities of both sides, conduct cooperation and exchanges on the protection and restoration of wetlands, hold training seminars, and strive to jointly carry out wetland protection and restoration projects in Africa.
7.1.11 Africa and China welcome the Dakar Declaration on China- Africa Cooperation on Combating Climate Change and support its effective implementation. Both sides propose also that African countries benefit from the Kunming Biodiversity Fund.
7.2 Maritime Cooperation
7.2.1 The two sides recognize the enormous potential of maritime economic cooperation and will continue to jointly promote mutually beneficial cooperation in this field.
7.2.2 China will continue to provide funding and technical support under the framework of technical cooperation of the International Maritime Organization, and support African countries to train shipping professionals and strengthen capacity-building to promote the sustainable development of maritime shipping.
7.2.3 The two sides will strengthen exchanges and cooperation between sea ports. China will provide technical assistance and support for relevant plans for the marine industry of African countries, support African countries in advancing IT development and application in African sea ports, and step up cooperation with Africa on blue economy.
7.2.4 China will, under the principle of sincerity, equality, mutual benefit and win-win results, carry out cooperation with African countries in such fields as maritime scientific research, ocean observation and monitoring, marine eco-environmental protection, and Antarctic research and logistics support, advance the building of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, and make positive contributions to global marine governance.
7.2.5 The two sides will continue to strengthen cooperation and exchanges on, among others, offshore aquaculture, maritime transportation, shipbuilding and repair, offshore wind power, maritime information services and maritime security.
7.2.6 China supports Africa in enhancing capacity building in maritime law-enforcement and environmental protection, improving management capacity for marine fisheries, and ensuring a sound security environment for the development of and cooperation on marine resources. The two sides will promote the establishment of an information exchange mechanism, enhance information communication and exchange, and jointly combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU).
7.3 Cooperation on Energy and Natural Resources
7.3.1 China will work with Africa to enhance practical cooperation in the energy sector under the framework of the China-African Union Energy Partnership, jointly improve the level of electrification in Africa, increase the share of clean energy, address step by step the issue of energy accessibility, and promote sustainable energy development of both sides. China has announced that it will not build new coal-fired power projects abroad, and will step up support for other developing countries including African countries in developing green and low-carbon energy, and encourage Chinese businesses to conduct cooperation with African countries in the areas of clean energy and renewable energy.
7.3.2 The two sides will actively carry out cooperation on capacity building in the energy sector. China will provide professional training for personnel from competent authorities, research institutions and key companies of relevant countries to improve African countries’ capacity in developing and managing their own energy systems. China will soon dispatch technical teams to the AU in accordance with the Memorandum of Understanding on the China-African Union Energy Partnership and other relevant documents.
7.3.3 The two sides will continue to strengthen policy dialogue and technological exchanges in the energy sector, synergize each other’s energy development strategies and conduct joint research.
7.3.4 The two sides will continue to strengthen cooperation on trade, investment, technology and standards in the energy and resources sector, and encourage and support establishment of strategic partnerships by Chinese and African businesses under the principle of mutual benefits and win-win results, their engagement in investment, development and operation of energy and resources projects, and their exploration of green and sustainable ways of cooperation, including in green hydrogen development.
7.3.5 China will support Africa in improving the structure of its energy and resources industrial chain, improving its capacity to process energy and resources products, increasing the added value of products, and upgrading its energy and resources industrial chain toward greener development.
7.3.6 The two sides will closely align their development plans in such fields as sustainable use of energy and resources, improving land and space spanning, and innovation in geoscience, and improve their ability to develop and manage their own energy and resources systems.
7.3.7 The two sides will strengthen cooperation in the field of water conservancy. China will support Africa in formulating water resources planning, integrated river basin planning and other professional plans, improving water management and water conservancy infrastructure, enhancing the ability of water conservancy in supporting economic and social sustainable development, and advancing the implementation of the water-related goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
7.3.8 The two sides encourage technological exchanges, personnel training and project cooperation in such fields as water resources allocation, soil and water conservation, water ecological restoration, flood preparedness and disaster relief, water-saving irrigation, rural drinking water, rainwater collection and utilization, small-scale hydro-power development, sediment research and remote sensing applications.
7.3.9 The two sides will strengthen cooperation in the photovoltaic industry, support dialogue and exchanges between photovoltaic industry associations and other organizations of the two sides, encourage in-depth cooperation between their businesses, research institutions and investment institutions, jointly advance green energy applications that will drive the development of the photovoltaic industry, and further promote mutual recognition of relevant industry standards and testing certifications.
8. Experience Sharing on State Governance
8.1 Political parties of China and Africa will share with each other party building experience through exchanges and dialogue in various forms and at various levels. The National People’s Congress of China and the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference will enhance experience sharing on state governance with, among others, parliaments of African countries, the Pan-African Parliament and the African Parliamentary Union.
8.2 China will share experience with Africa on economic development, and strengthen exchanges with Africa in such areas as the reform and development of state-owned enterprises, competition policies, efforts against monopoly and unfair competition, customs facilitation, law enforcement and capacity building.
8.3 The two sides will continue to enhance experience sharing on poverty reduction, education, employment, health, agriculture and other areas by establishing dialogue mechanisms at various levels for poverty reduction and rural development and holding events including the FOCAC Meeting on Poverty Reduction and Development, the China-Africa Youth Exchange Program on Poverty Reduction and Rural Development, the China-Africa Ministerial Meeting on Health Cooperation and Development and the China-Africa Agriculture Forum.
8.4 The two sides are committed to advancing exchanges and mutual learning between civilizations and cultures, encouraging and supporting cultural dialogue, strengthening exchanges and cooperation between institutions in academic research, press and publishing, film and television production and other fields, stepping up exchanges and mutual visits of youth, and further enhancing experience sharing on gender equality and women empowerment.
8.5 The two sides will continue to strengthen policy dialogue, exchanges and cooperation in such fields as ecological protection, maritime cooperation, desertification prevention and treatment, wildlife protection and energy development strategy, and enhance environmental policy exchanges and dialogue and conduct joint research through platforms including the China-Africa Environmental Cooperation Center.
8.6 China will strengthen exchanges with African countries on peacekeeping policy and skills under the framework of the UN, expand exchanges and training cooperation between defence and military personnel, deepen counter-terrorism cooperation, and step up intelligence sharing on combating international terrorist organizations.
9. FOCAC Institutional Development
9.1 The two sides are satisfied to see the efficient and smooth operation of the Coordinator’s Meeting on the Implementation of the Follow-up Actions of the 2018 FOCAC Beijing Summit, the Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs), and consultations between the Chinese Follow-up Committee of FOCAC and the African diplomatic corps in China since the FOCAC Beijing Summit.
9.2 The two sides will continue to leverage the role of existing sub-forums under FOCAC, and jointly advance the establishment or institutionalization of new sub-forums to substantiate FOCAC and China-Africa cooperation across all areas, including the considerations of other frameworks to strengthen FOCAC in due course.
9.3 In accordance with the procedures of the FOCAC follow-up mechanism, the two sides decide to hold the 9th Ministerial Conference in People’s Republic of China in 2024 and, before that, the 16th and 17th SOMs respectively in 2023 and 2024.
DECLARATION ON CHINA-AFRICA COOPERATION ON COMBATING CLIMATE CHANGE
1. We, the Heads of Delegations of the People’s Republic of China, 53 African countries and the African Union Commission, all hold the view that climate change and its negative impacts are an urgent problem facing humanity and one of the most serious challenges in the world today. Joint efforts to tackle climate change bear on the future of mankind. A revolution is needed in the human society to mitigate the impact of climate change through, among others, speeding up affordable green and low-carbon transition, promote sustainable development and jointly foster a community of life for man and Nature.
2. We believe that climate change has become a major challenge to the natural and eco-environment and social and economic development of China and Africa. We commend the measures taken by China, the largest developing country, and Africa, the continent with the largest number of developing countries, in promoting cooperation on climate adaptation and mitigation and the great contribution they have made in this regard. We recognize the important role of forests in the Congo Basin in the fight against global climate change. We maintain that the international community should provide necessary support for the green development of developing countries including Small Island Developing States (SIDS), protect their legitimate rights to pursue independent and sustainable development, and support Africa’s efforts in relevant areas.
3. We believe that climate change, and the migratory movements that result from it, are a common challenge facing humanity and must be addressed through united actions under multilateral frameworks. We underscore that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (hereinafter referred to as “the Convention”), the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement are the primary channel and the most important multilateral frameworks for international cooperation on climate change. Under the guidance of the principles set out in the Convention, including equity, common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, we will work with all parties to ensure the implementation of the above-mentioned agreements, and welcome outcomes of the 26th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP26) including completing negotiations on the implementation guidelines of Paris Agreement, and adequate, predictable financial support will be provided for the climate adaptation actions of developing countries through mechanisms agreed on COPs. We call on the international community to take proactive and decisive steps to tackle climate change, and jointly support Egypt’s hosting of COP27 on behalf of African countries.
4. We all hold the view that equal emphasis should be given to mitigation and adaptation in addressing climate change. While recalling the spirit of the Marrakech Declaration issued at the First Africa Action Summit on 16 November 2016, we call on developed countries to increase financing, technology and capacity building support for developing countries, African countries in particular. Developed countries should earnestly fulfill their funding obligations, work to fill the gap in meeting the finance commitment of US$100 billion per year by 2020, make post-2020 arrangements for long-term finance, and start setting a new collective quantified finance goal post-2025 at an earlier date.
5. We decide to establish a China-Africa partnership of strategic cooperation of the new era for the fight against climate change. We will enhance coordination and cooperation in the multilateral process on climate, and jointly safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of China, Africa and other developing countries. We stand ready to deepen South-South cooperation between China and Africa on climate change, expand areas of cooperation, and strengthen cooperation in areas including clean energy, the use of aerospace and aviation technology in addressing climate change, agriculture, forest, ocean, low-carbon infrastructure development, meteorological monitoring, forecast and early warning, environment monitoring, disaster prevention and mitigation, and climate adaptation. We will carry out practical cooperation projects to jointly address the challenge of climate change.
6. China and Africa will speed up the implementation of South-South and trilateral cooperation projects on climate change with signed contracts, push for the signing of cooperation documents on projects under consultation, advance the production, transportation and delivery of assistance supplies and equipment, and promote the building of low-carbon and low-greenhouse-gas demonstration zones. The two sides will, through on-going cooperation projects, support Africa in training professional personnel for climate response, and facilitate the delivery of climate technologies and services in Africa. The two sides will jointly preserve the outcomes of South-South and trilateral cooperation projects on climate change between China and Africa, and strengthen the piloting role of South-South cooperation projects in enhancing Africa’s capacity to address climate change.
7. The two sides will, under the frameworks of South-South cooperation and the Belt and Road Initiative, hold a high-level forum on climate change and further deepen communication and cooperation in this field including a proposed three-year China-Africa action plan. China will support Africa in implementing the Great Green Wall Initiative, and will make good use of technologies including the China High-resolution Earth Observation System, BeiDou Navigation Satellite System and FengYun Meteorological Satellite to strengthen technological cooperation with Africa in disaster prevention and mitigation, climate adaptation and other fields, and enhance Africa’s resilience and capacity for addressing climate change. China supports African initiatives related to climate change, such as the Initiative for the Adaptation of African Agriculture and the Initiative for the Adaptation of Africa.
8. The two sides both advocate for innovative, coordinated, green, open and shared sustainable development, and will work to promote “green recovery” of the world economy in the post-COVID era. Technologies including big data and artificial intelligence will facilitate a more effective response. As a staunch supporter of sustainable development in Africa, China has launched over 100 clean energy and green development projects under the framework of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation to support African countries in better utilizing solar, hydropower, wind, biogas and other renewable sources of energy. China will further increase investment in Africa on low-emission projects including photovoltaic, wind and other renewable energies, energy-saving technologies, high-tech industries, and green and low-carbon industries, and will not build new coal-fired power projects abroad. China will also play a positive role in improving energy structure of African countries, upgrade industrial structure, build smart cities with advanced urban planning and waste management, and achieve green, low-carbon, high-quality development.
9. The two sides hold the view that cooperation on climate investment and financing is an important part of China-Africa practical cooperation. Efforts should be made to strengthen communication and cooperation in building policy frameworks including climate investment and financing standards, and encourage financial institutions of both sides to implement the Green Investment Principles for the Belt and Road Initiative. The two sides will strengthen cooperation with the African Development Bank and other regional financial institutions in the field of climate investment and financing, encourage and support financial institutions and non-financial enterprises of the two sides to strengthen environmental risk management in project cooperation, improve the disclosure and exchange of climate and environmental information, conduct green, low-carbon supply chain management, and strengthen China-Africa cooperation on climate investment and financing. The two sides acknowledge the importance of supporting voluntary cooperation between financial institutions such as regional development banks and climate finance mechanisms including the Green Climate Fund (GCF). The two sides support qualified gas-to-power and green hydrogen development projects in accessing green investment and financing support. Africa has invested its own funds in adapting to climate change, which exceeds the amount of public development assistance it receives.
10. The two sides will strengthen cooperation on green development through the China-Africa Environment Cooperation Center and support the implementation of cooperation projects on climate change. The two sides will advance the implementation of the China-Africa Green Envoys Program and hold roundtables and capacity-building training, move forward the China-Africa Green Innovation Program and advance cooperation on green, circular and low-carbon technologies, and enhance Africa’s capacity to achieve the UN 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Goals and AU Agenda 2063.
China-Africa Cooperation Vision 2035
As the largest developing country and the continent with the most
developing countries in the world, China and Africa hold high the bannerof peace, development, cooperation and win-win results, and unswervinglydeepen the comprehensive strategic partnership to realize the high-qualitydevelopment of China-Africa practical cooperation. Considering thedevelopment history, background and characteristics of both sides, Vision2035 of China, the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the2063 Agenda of the African Union as well as the national developmentstrategies of African countries, China and Africa jointly formulated thisChina-Africa Cooperation Vision 2035 to determine the directions andobjectives of mid- and long-term cooperation and promote a closercommunity with a shared future for China and Africa. The Vision includes:
1.1 China as an important partner of African developmentagenda. China supports the implementation of the 2063 Agenda of theAfrican Union and its flagship projects. China also actively participates inthe implementation of continent-wide plans such as the ComprehensiveAfrica Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP), the Programme forInfrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA), the Africa Mining Vision(AMV), the Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy for Africa(STISA), the Action Plan for Boosting Intra-African Trade (BIAT), theAccelerated Industrial Development for Africa (AIDA) and African UnionDevelopment Agency-New Partnership for Africa’s Development(AUDA-NEPAD).
1.2 Closer Belt and Road partnership between China and Africa.Following the principle of extensive consultation, joint contribution andshared benefits and the philosophy of green, open and clean cooperation,China and Africa will ensure synergies between BRI and the Africandevelopment agenda and leverage the leading role of the Forum onChina-Africa Cooperation to consolidate traditional cooperation, exploreemerging areas of cooperation, and transform and upgrade cooperationfaster towards greater quality and efficiency so that the cooperationoutcomes could widely benefit the peoples of China and Africa.
1.3 Enriching and improving the top-level design, mechanismsand measures of China-Africa cooperation. China and Africa willestablish closer bilateral and multilateral exchanges at all levels throughdeepening traditional friendship, enhancing political mutual trust and bettercoordinating policies in areas such as trade and investment, industrialdevelopment, digital economy, green and low-carbon development,people’s well-being and health, cultural andpeople-to-people exchanges,peace and security and international affairs.
2.1 Balanced growth of bilateral trade. China-Africa annual trade isexpected to reach USD300 billion in 2035. China supports Africa inincreasing export capacity, strengthens cooperation with African countriesin inspection and quarantine of agricultural produce and food, acceleratesquarantine process, and will import more non-resource African products.
2.2 Continued expansion of two-way investment. China will invest
another USD60 billion in Africa by 2035, especially in support of Africanagriculture, manufacturing, infrastructure, environmental protection, digitaleconomy, blue economy, etc. China supports the upgrade of its competenttrade and economic cooperation zones in Africa to China-Africademonstration zones of industrial and supply chain cooperation. Chinasupports Africa’s efforts to keep improving the business environment andwill further localize Chinese enterprises in Africa. China and Africa willtake measures together to facilitate and support the business operation ofwholly African-owned enterprises or African joint ventures in China.
2.3 Advancing integrated cooperation. China actively participatesin the development of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA).China-Africa infrastructure cooperation is upgraded as China supports thedevelopment of African railway, highway, shipping, port, airline andcommunications network based on multiple cooperation models. The twosides establish diversified arrangements for trade and investmentfacilitation to elevate China-Africa cooperation on trade and investmentfacilitation to a new level.
2.4 More sustainable finance cooperation. China will continue tooffer aid to Africa to the best of its capability and maximize the overallefficiency of assistance. China mobilizes all types of resources forfinancing cooperation with Africa to support the development of AfricanSMEs. China also reinforces cooperation with multilateral financialinstitutions, such as the African Development Bank, the AfricanExport-Import Bank, Development Bank of the Central Africain States, theEastern and Southern African Trade and Development Bank and WestAfrican Development Bank in an effort to become a major partner ofAfrica for sustainable financing. China and Africa will enhance finance andlocal currency cooperation and establish more financial branches andsubsidiaries in each other’s countries.
3.1 Extending agricultural cooperation to include the wholeindustry chain. China supports Africa in developing modern agricultureby forming a complete system of breeding, planting, processing, storageand logistics, and developing featured industries of livestock breeding andcash crop, so as to enhance food security capabilities of African countries,and improve safety and value added of African agricultural produce andfood.
3.2 Expanding production capacity cooperation. China will helpAfrica develop “Made in Africa” brands and integrate into global industrialand supply chains by assisting Africa to develop its manufacturing sector.China supports Africa in building and improving technical standard systemfor quality infrastructure. China will share experience with Africa to helpAfrica upgrade and enhance the competitiveness of its manufacturingsector, invigorate the private sector and create more jobs in the privatesector.
3.3 New growth drivers offered by cooperation in science andtechnological innovation. China and Africa will conduct extensivecooperation in science and technological innovation, and jointly promoteresearch on high-level cooperation, technology transfer and application aswell as cooperation in innovation and entrepreneurship, in a bid to improvescience and innovation capabilities and sustainable economic and socialdevelopment in Africa.
3.4 New growth areas offered by cooperation on the blueeconomy. China and Africa conduct extensive cooperation to add value toand sustainably utilize marine resources. China supports Africa indeveloping and utilizing marine resources in a reasonable manner whilepreserving the marine ecosystem, developing near-shore economy, settingup marine special economic zones or parks for blue economy to fostermarine industrial clusters and regional growth poles.
3.5 African transformation sped up by digital cooperation. Chinaand Africa expand cooperation in areas such as spectrum management, 5G
technology, satellite internet, big data, e-commerce, smart city, aeronauticsand astronautics and application of satellite remote sensing. China supportsAfrica in building new types of infrastructure and developing the digitaleconomy to bridge the digital divide.
4.1 Comprehensively advancing climate cooperation. China andAfrica work closely on joint climate response, strengthened cooperation inmeteorological monitoring, disaster prevention and mitigation, waterresources utilization, prevention and control of desertification, landdegradation and drought, among others. China supports Africa’s efforts toprotect eco-environment and biodiversity, build the “Great Green Wall”and enhance climate resilience.
4.2 Transforming to clean and low-carbon energy cooperation.China supports Africa in increasing the proportion of hydro power, nuclearand other clean energies, actively developing solar, wind, geothermal,
biogas, tidal and wave power and other renewable energies based on thelevel of development and energy needs of countries, providing stable andaffordable power supply with distributed power supply technologies forremote African areas, and supporting the development of the photo-voltaicindustry.
4.3 Improving development quality with green cooperation. Chinasupports Africa in developing green and circular economy and green
finance, promoting sustainable management of natural resources,enhancing the efficiency of energy utilization and the use of renewableenergy, improving green, low-carbon and circular development capabilitiesand establishing an economic system featuring green, low-carbon andcircular development.
5.1 Consolidating and deepening health cooperation. Chinasupports African health policies and helps it strengthen the prevention andcontrol system of communicable diseases, improve medical research,vigorously develop traditional medicine, and improve medicineaccessibility and affordability. It also supports Africa in reducing theprevalence of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and other communicablediseases.
5.2 Notable achievements in poverty reduction cooperation. Chinaand Africa continue to share experience in job creation and povertyreduction in various ways. China supports Africa in enhancing poverty
reduction capacity, improving education, water and power supply and otherpublic utilities, advancing urbanization and achieving inclusive growth.With solid progress, the humanitarian exchange serves as a humanitarianbridge between China and Africa.
5.3 Human resources cooperation at a new height. China supports
Africa in developing education, enhancing the education level for all
Africans, women, children and youth in particular, and cultivating youngleaders and high-calibre technical talents in all areas. China becomes amajor host of African students.
6.1 More vibrant cultural and sports exchanges. China and Africawill jointly establish a long-term mechanism for equal and mutual learningand common prosperity of Chinese and African civilizations, and supportthe exchange of visits by art missions, cooperation on film, televisionprograms and culture, and cultivation of language talents. China and Africajointly promote the development of international Sinology and Africanstudies, enhance the international visibility and influence of Chinese andAfrican cultures, and encourage world cultural diversity. China and Africastrengthen practical cooperation in sports and support the Dakar 2026Youth Olympic Games to promote sports in Africa.
6.2 More in-depth media exchange. China and Africa strengthencooperation in news coverage, creation of audiovisual contents, training ofmedia professionals, and media technologies, help African media buildinformation production and dissemination capacity and facilitate “SmartAfrica”and integrated media development. China and Africa enhanceexchanges and cooperation on publishing, and share the stories ofcooperation and friendship between China and Africa with books as themedia.
6.3 More flourishing tourism cooperation. China-Africacooperation promotes tourism development. China helps Africa withtourism capacity building and the development of green tourism andrelevant services, supports African countries as major outbound tourismdestinations for Chinese group tours, facilitates the revitalization of Africantourism.
7.1 Building a more peaceful Africa. Upholding the common,comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security concepts, China andAfrica continue to pursue peace through cooperation and resolvedifferences through consultations. China supports African countries inseeking African solutions for African problems. China and Africa jointlypromote the timely accomplishment of “silencing guns in Africa”.
7.2 Building a safer Africa. The cooperation on peace and securityhas become a new highlight for China-Africa relations. China and Africahave conducted closer exchanges and cooperation in joint exercises andtraining, peacekeeping and stabilization, fight against terrorism,counter-narcotics, counter-piracy and other areas, while Internet securityand the management and control of small arms have become new directionsfor cooperation.
7.3 Building a more stable Africa. China and Africa advancegovernance experience sharing and enhance the alignment of developmentthinking and concepts. China supports African countries in independentlyexploring a development path tailored to their own national conditions,enhancing governance capacity building, building an open and inclusivesociety of common prosperity and achieving long lasting peace andstability for the country.
8.1 Continued progress for global governance and cooperation.China and Africa will become major forces for improving globalgovernance and safeguarding international equity and justice, enhancecommunication and coordination in such arenas as the UN SecurityCouncil, and jointly raise the attention of the international community toAfrica and support Africa in playing a more active role in globalgovernance and participating more in the management of internationalaffairs.
8.2 International models safeguarding the multilateral system and South-South cooperation. China and Africa support economic globalization and an equitable, open and inclusive multilateral trading system, firmly opposing unilateralism and protectionism and safeguarding the common interests of developing countries. The cooperation between china and Africa is an exemplar of South-South cooperation and an important contribution to a community of shared future for mankind.
8.3 Extensive tripartite cooperation. With full respect for the wishes of African countries, China works with countries around the world and international organizations to conduct extensive tripartite cooperation with Africa and create more effective synergy for the development of Africa through the Initiative on Partnership for Africa’s Development.